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OBJECTIVE To identify patients with primary auditory neuropathies whose cochlear potentials to a 100 microsec click persist after click cessation and simulate synchronous auditory brain stem responses (ABRs) at high intensities. DESIGN ABRs to condensation and rarefaction clicks, as well as Maximum Length Sequence ABRs and one transtympanic(More)
Test results and management data are summarized for 260 patients with diagnoses of Auditory Neuropathy Spectrum Disorder (ANSD). Hearing aids were tried in 85 of these patients, and 49 patients tried cochlear implants. Approximately 15% reported some benefit from hearing aids for language learning, while improvement in speech comprehension and language(More)
Click-evoked otoacoustic emissions from nominal 80 dB pSP (peak sound pressure) 80-microseconds pulses presented at 50 pulses per second were collected from the right ears of eleven normal hearing subjects using an ILO88 Otodynamic Analyzer in the non-linear mode. Clicks, pure tones, and narrow bands of noise were then presented to their left ears through(More)
We present here two patients and three control subjects to demonstrate the clinical utility of studying evoked otoacoustic emissions and their contralateral suppression, as an aid to the delineation of afferent neuron dysfunction and possible lack of efferent suppression. The key patients here who fail to show contralateral suppression of their very robust(More)
We studied the efferent suppression of click-evoked otoacoustic emissions with 65 dB SPL of white noise presented to left, right, or sometimes both, ears for 408 ms. Each burst of noise preceded a series of four unipolar 80 microseconds 65 dB peak Sound Pressure clicks, presented to the left ear only. The first click of the four-click group followed the end(More)
Genetic and auditory studies of 731 children with severe-to-profound hearing loss in US schools for the deaf and 46 additional children receiving clinical services for hearing loss ranging from moderate to profound demonstrated that mutations in the connexin 26 (GJB2) and connexin 30 (GJB6) genes explain at least 12% of those with nonsyndromic sensorineural(More)
Transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs) were recorded to clicks presented at peak sound pressures of 50, 55, 60, 65 and 70 dB while continuous contralateral white noise was varied from 10 dB below to 10 dB above the click level. Suppression increased predictably with suppressor noise level for any given click level. However, when the suppressor(More)
Age-related central auditory processing (CAP) abnormality has been described in many studies with widely varying prevalence reported. To date, there has been only one population study to report prevalence for this age-related condition, and these rates were significantly lower than in reports from clinical studies. The present study reports findings from a(More)
Patients with auditory neuropathy/dyssynchrony exhibit no auditory brain stem response (ABR), no middle ear muscle response, and both normal otoacoustic emissions or normal cochlear microphonics. An absent or grossly abnormal ABR is not always associated with deafness. In contrast, a hearing loss of 30 dB or more usually predicts absent otoacoustic(More)
Suppression of transient-evoked otoacoustic emissions was recorded from 29 members of the Louisiana Philharmonic Orchestra and 28 non-musician control subjects matched for age and gender. Binaural broad band noise was used as the suppressor stimulus in a forward masking paradigm. Results showed musicians to have significantly more suppression than(More)