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Intensity-modulated radiotherapy represents a recent advancement in conformal radiotherapy. It employs specialized computer-driven technology to generate dose distributions that conform to tumor targets with extremely high precision. Treatment planning is based on inverse planning algorithms and iterative computer-driven optimization to generate treatment(More)
PURPOSE To assess the feasibility of inverse planning for whole-abdomen intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) with bone marrow and kidney sparing and to develop approaches to circumventing field size restrictions in the application of whole-abdomen IMRT using dynamic multileaf collimators (DMLC). METHODS AND MATERIALS The entire peritoneal cavity(More)
Intensity-modulated radiation therapy can be conveniently delivered with a multileaf collimator. With this method, the entire field is not delivered at once, but rather it is composed of many subfields defined by the leaf positions as a function of beam on time. At any given instant, only these subfields are delivered. During treatment, if the organ moves,(More)
PURPOSE Prone-position breast radiotherapy (RT) has been described as an alternative technique to improve dose homogeneity for women with large, pendulous breasts. We report the feasibility and dosimetric analysis of a simplified intensity-modulated RT (IMRT) technique, previously reported for women in the supine treatment position, to plan prone-position(More)
A simplified intensity modulated radiation therapy (sIMRT) technique for the breast is presented. The technique aims to produce a uniform dose distribution in the entire breast volume. Using the standard tangential beam arrangement, we first determine for each pencil beam the midpoint of the segment that intersects the treatment volume. The dose to the(More)
PURPOSE The treatment of malignant pleural mesothelioma remains a therapeutic challenge, with median survival rates of about 12 months and local failure rates of up to 80%. Our institution recently published results showing that extrapleural pneumonectomy (EPP) followed by hemithoracic radiation yielded excellent local control. This paper reports our(More)
The purpose of this study was to create AAPM TG 119 benchmark plans for volumetric arc therapy (VMAT) and to compare VMAT plans with IMRT plan data. AAPM TG 119 proposes a set of test clinical cases for testing the accuracy of IMRT planning and delivery system. For these test cases, we generated two treatment plans, the first plan using 7-9 static dMLC IMRT(More)
PURPOSE Anatomic changes and positional variability during intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) for head and neck cancer can lead to clinically significant dosimetric changes. We report our single-institution experience using an adaptive protocol and correlate these changes with anatomic and positional changes during treatment. METHODS AND(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the technique, dosimetry, acute and late toxicity, local control (LC), and overall survival (OS) with the use of computed tomography (CT)-based postmastectomy electron beam therapy (PMEBT) in high-risk patients. METHODS AND MATERIALS From 1990 to 2000, 118 patients with pathologic stage I-IIIB breast cancer underwent PMEBT of the chest(More)
The purpose of the present study was to use a kilovoltage imaging device to measure interfractional and intrafractional setup deviations in patients with head-and-neck or brain cancers receiving intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) treatment. Before and after IMRT treatment, approximately 3 times weekly, 7 patients were imaged using the Varian On-Board(More)