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OBJECTIVE Pharmacologic treatment for secondary prevention of coronary heart disease (CHD) is critical to prevent adverse clinical outcomes. In a randomized controlled trial, we compared antiplatelet and statin adherence among patients with CHD who received: (1) text messages (TM) for medication reminders and education, (2) educational TM only, or (3) No(More)
AIMS To evaluate the characteristics and efficacy of mobile phone interventions to improve medication adherence. Secondary aims are to explore participants' acceptability and satisfaction with mobile phone interventions and to evaluate the selected studies in terms of study rigour, impact, cost and resource feasibility, generalizability and implications for(More)
The measurement of medication adherence is important in both clinical practice and research settings to offer effective medical therapy, improve clinical outcomes, and determine the efficacy of therapy. The aims of this article are to (a) present an overview of current and developing electronic methods of medication measurement, (b) explore the advantages(More)
OBJECTIVE Medication adherence is a complex behavior that is influenced by numerous factors. Applying self-efficacy theory, the primary aim of this randomized controlled trial was to compare medication self-efficacy among patients with coronary heart disease who received: (a) text messages (TMs) for medication reminders and education, (b) TMs for education,(More)
Although following a low-sodium diet (LSD) for heart failure (HF) has been recommended for decades, little is known about factors related to long-term patient adherence. The purposes of this study were to (a) compare sodium intake and factors affecting adherence in a long-term adherent group and in a non-adherent group and (b) examine predictors of(More)
Mobile health in the form of text messaging and mobile applications provides an innovative and effective approach to promote prevention and management of cardiovascular disease (CVD); however, the magnitude of these effects is unclear. Through a comprehensive search of databases from 2002-2016, we conducted a quantitative systematic review. The selected(More)
BACKGROUND Adherence to antiplatelet medications is critical to prevent life threatening complications (ie, stent thrombosis) after percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs), yet rates of nonadherence range from 21-57% by 12 months. Mobile interventions delivered via text messaging or mobile apps represent a practical and inexpensive strategy to promote(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is linked to reduced mortality and morbidity, including improvements in cardiorespiratory fitness, psychosocial state, and quality of life in patients with heart failure (HF). However, little is known about CR utilization among patients with HF. OBJECTIVE We sought to determine (a) the proportion of patients with HF(More)
BACKGROUND Beta blocker (BB) doses are often suboptimal in heart failure (HF) management. Differences in BB management patterns may exist between physicians in family medicine (FM) and internal medicine (IM). The aims of this study were to compare: 1) BB doses and prescription patterns; and 2) health care utilization rates in patients cared for by all(More)
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