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Human respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the most important viral agent of serious pediatric respiratory-tract disease worldwide. A vaccine or generally effective antiviral drug is not yet available. We designed new live attenuated RSV vaccine candidates by codon-pair deoptimization (CPD). Specifically, viral ORFs were recoded by rearranging existing(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine how often observer variation in the interpretation of intra-arterial angiograms might alter the decision whether or not to refer patients for carotid surgery. METHODS A prospective study was carried out in a consecutive series of 99 patients with transient ischaemic attacks and minor strokes. Interpretable angiographic films were(More)
UNLABELLED Human metapneumovirus (HMPV) is a major etiologic agent of respiratory disease worldwide. HMPV reinfections are common in healthy adults and children, suggesting that the protective immune response to HMPV is incomplete and short-lived. We used gene-deletion viruses to evaluate the role of the attachment G and small hydrophobic SH glycoproteins(More)
UNLABELLED The cytokine storm is an intensified, dysregulated, tissue-injurious inflammatory response driven by cytokine and immune cell components. The cytokine storm during influenza virus infection, whereby the amplified innate immune response is primarily responsible for pulmonary damage, has been well characterized. Now we describe a novel event where(More)
We aimed to determine the sensitivity of available "diagnostic" tests in detecting subclinical abnormalities characteristic of multiple sclerosis (MS) in patients with unexplained isolated myelopathy, and any relationship between test results and level of disability. The trial investigations were carried out in 69 prospectively selected patients with acute(More)
Pneumonia virus of mice (PVM), a relative of human respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), causes respiratory disease in mice. There is serologic evidence suggesting widespread exposure of humans to PVM. To investigate replication in primates, African green monkeys (AGM) and rhesus macaques (n = 4) were inoculated with PVM by the respiratory route. Virus was(More)
Human respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is an enveloped RNA virus that is the most important viral cause of acute pediatric lower respiratory tract illness worldwide, and lacks a vaccine or effective antiviral drug. The involvement of host factors in the RSV replicative cycle remains poorly characterized. A genome-wide siRNA screen in human lung epithelial(More)