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A DNA vaccine for West Nile virus (WNV) was evaluated to determine whether its use could protect fish crows (Corvus ossifragus) from fatal WNV infection. Captured adult crows were given 0.5 mg of the DNA vaccine either orally or by intramuscular (IM) inoculation; control crows were inoculated or orally exposed to a placebo. After 6 weeks, crows were(More)
The radiometric enzymatic technique of Coyle and Henry (J. Neurochem. 21: 61-67, 1973) was adapted to the measurement of serum catecholamines. This technique requires less time than other enzymatic techniques and is sensitive to quantities as small as 25 pg. In normotensive subjects lying supine for 20 minutes serum catecholamine levels averaged 0.218(More)
Candidate malaria vaccines have failed to elicit consistently protective immune responses against challenge with Plasmodium falciparum. NYVAC-Pf7, a highly attenuated vaccinia virus with 7 P. falciparum genes inserted into its genome, was tested in a phase I/IIa safety, immunogenicity, and efficacy vaccine trial in human volunteers. Malaria genes inserted(More)
The heart rate corrected QT interval (QTc) and plasma catecholamine (CA) and norepinephrine (NE) levels were measured in 15 symptomatic patients with idiopathic mitral valve prolapse (MVP) and in 19 control subjects. MVP patients showed longer mean QTc and were divided into two groups: group A normal QTc (greater than 440 msec) and group B prolonged QTc(More)
Under basal conditions in anesthetized rats, significant concentrations of free norepinephrine (NE), epinephrine (E), and dopamine (DA) were detected in red blood cell (RBC) lysate. These concentrations were not proportional to their respective plasma concentrations and thus RBC-to-plasma concentration ratios were different for each catecholamine (CA). DA(More)
Hypoxia dilates airways in vivo and reduces active tension of airway smooth muscle in vitro. To determine whether hypoxia impairs Ca2+ entry through voltage-dependent channels (VDC), we tested the ability of dihydropyridines to modulate hypoxia-induced relaxation of KCl- and carbamyl choline (carbachol)-contracted porcine bronchi. Carbachol- or(More)
Plasma free and conjugated norepinephrine levels were found to be significantly increased in patients with labile and sustained hypertension whereas epinephrine levels were normal in these patients. While free NE and E levels increased significantly during postural change, conjugated NE and E levels were not altered by this stimulus suggesting that(More)
The release of neuropeptide Y like immunoreactivity (NPY-li) from the adrenal gland was studied in relation to the secretion of catecholamines (CA: NE, norepinephrine; E, epinephrine) during the left splanchnic nerve stimulation in thiopental-chloralose anesthetized dogs (n = 16). Plasma concentrations of NE, E, and NPY-li were determined in the left(More)
Broth cultures and semiquantitative cultures (SQCs) were done on 101 intravenous (IV) catheters from 82 patients. Catheters were in place an average of ten days (range, one to 40 days). Twenty-eight catheters yielded 15 colonies or more to SQCs of transcutaneous catheter segments. Staphylococcus epidermidis was the most common microbial isolate found on 21(More)
Two clinical lots of alum-adsorbed SPf66 vaccine produced in the United States were evaluated in separate, open-label, Phase I clinical trials involving 15 healthy, malaria-naive, 18-45-year old men and women. Subjects received 2 mg doses subcutaneously in alternate arms at 0, one, and six months. Safety was assessed by monitoring local and systemic(More)