Linda F Shapiro

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BACKGROUND In sedentary humans endothelium-dependent vasodilation is impaired with advancing age contributing to their increased cardiovascular risk, whereas endurance-trained adults demonstrate lower age-related risk. We determined the influence of regular aerobic exercise on the age-related decline in endothelium-dependent vasodilation. METHODS AND(More)
The sympathetic nervous system (SNS) plays an important role in the regulation of energy expenditure. However, whether tonic SNS activity contributes to resting metabolic rate (RMR) in healthy adult humans is controversial, with the majority of studies showing no effect. We hypothesized that an intravenous propranolol infusion designed to achieve complete(More)
We recently demonstrated in young adult humans that the sympathetic nervous system contributes to the control of resting metabolic rate via tonic beta-adrenergic receptor stimulation. In the present follow-up study we determined the respective effects of age, habitual exercise status, and sex on this regulatory mechanism. Resting metabolic rate (ventilated(More)
Endothelium-dependent vasodilatation declines with advancing age in humans independently of disease. The mechanisms responsible for this decline are not clear. We determined whether the age-related reduction in endothelium-dependent vasodilatation in response to acetylcholine reflects a specific agonist-related defect or rather a more general endothelial(More)
We determined if the tonic autonomic nervous system (ANS) contribution to arterial blood pressure (BP) maintenance in humans is related to habitual endurance exercise status. Twenty-three healthy young (age 18-31 years) males, 11 endurance exercise-trained and 12 untrained, were studied. Maximal oxygen consumption was higher (P < 0.001) and resting heart(More)
BACKGROUND Primary aging is associated with changes in the autonomic nervous system (ANS), but the functional significance of these changes for systemic circulatory control of arterial blood pressure (BP) is unknown. We tested the hypothesis that ANS support of BP is altered in healthy older humans. METHODS AND RESULTS A total of 23 young (aged 24+/-1(More)
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