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PURPOSE Mice favoring Th1 (C57BL/6, C57BL/10, and B10.D2/nSn) versus Th2 (BALB/c, BALB/cBy, BALB.B, and BALB.K) response development were evaluated for their response to infection with Pseudomonas aeruginosa. This study addresses the question of whether Th1 versus Th2 response propensity affects the pathogenesis of bacterial keratitis in mice. METHODS(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) is a common organism associated with bacterial keratitis, especially in those who use extended wear contact lenses. Recent advances in our understanding of host innate and adaptive immune responses to experimental infection have been made using a variety of animal models, including inbred murine models that are classed(More)
The role of macrophages in Pseudomonas aeruginosa corneal infection in susceptible (cornea perforates), C57BL/6 (B6) vs resistant (cornea heals), BALB/c mice was tested by depleting macrophages using subconjunctival injections of clodronate-containing liposomes before corneal infection. Both groups of inbred mice treated with clodronate-liposomes compared(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa keratitis destroys the cornea in susceptible Th1 responder C57BL/6 (B6), but not resistant Th2 responder (BALB/c) mice. To determine whether single Ig IL-1R-related molecule (SIGIRR) played a role in resistance, mRNA and protein expression levels were tested. Both were constitutively expressed in the cornea of the two mouse groups. A(More)
PURPOSE To determine the role of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) in Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) keratitis in resistant (cornea-healing) BALB/c mice. METHODS Corneal TLR4 mRNA levels were tested by real-time PCR in BALB/c mice before and after infection. Clinical score, slit lamp, histopathology, bacterial counts, and polymorphonuclear neutrophil(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a common organism associated with bacterial keratitis, especially in extended-wear contact lens users. In the present study, we determined that pretreatment of cultured human corneal epithelial cells with flagellin isolated from the P. aeruginosa PAO1 strain attenuated cytokine production when the cells were challenged with a(More)
Corneal infection with Pseudomonas aeruginosa perforates the cornea in susceptible C57BL/6 (B6), but not resistant BALB/c, mice. To determine whether vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) played a role in development of the resistant response, protein expression levels were tested by immunocytochemistry and enzyme immunoassay in BALB/c and B6 corneas. Both(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to determine the role of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) in Pseudomonas aeruginosa keratitis. METHODS Gene array and selective real-time PCR examined MMP expression in the cornea of susceptible (C57BL/6, B6) versus resistant (BALB/c) mice before and after infection; zymography tested enzyme activity for MMP-2 and -9.(More)
Thymosin beta 4 (Tbeta(4)) stimulates epithelial cell migration and promotes laminin-5 (LM-5) expression. Using gene expression analysis with human corneal epithelial cells treated with Tbeta(4), we find that both LM-5 gamma2 chain and transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGFbeta-1) are increased by more than 2-fold over untreated cells. These findings were(More)
The innate immune system is the first line of defense against many common microorganisms, which can initiate adaptive immune responses to provide increased protection against subsequent re-infection by the same pathogen. As a major family of antimicrobial peptides, defensins are widely expressed in a variety of epithelial cells and sometimes in leukocytes,(More)