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Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) is a common organism associated with bacterial keratitis, especially in those who use extended wear contact lenses. Recent advances in our understanding of host innate and adaptive immune responses to experimental infection have been made using a variety of animal models, including inbred murine models that are classed(More)
PURPOSE Mice favoring Th1 (C57BL/6, C57BL/10, and B10.D2/nSn) versus Th2 (BALB/c, BALB/cBy, BALB.B, and BALB.K) response development were evaluated for their response to infection with Pseudomonas aeruginosa. This study addresses the question of whether Th1 versus Th2 response propensity affects the pathogenesis of bacterial keratitis in mice. METHODS(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa keratitis destroys the cornea in susceptible Th1 responder C57BL/6 (B6), but not resistant Th2 responder (BALB/c) mice. To determine whether single Ig IL-1R-related molecule (SIGIRR) played a role in resistance, mRNA and protein expression levels were tested. Both were constitutively expressed in the cornea of the two mouse groups. A(More)
PURPOSE To determine the role of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) in Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) keratitis in resistant (cornea-healing) BALB/c mice. METHODS Corneal TLR4 mRNA levels were tested by real-time PCR in BALB/c mice before and after infection. Clinical score, slit lamp, histopathology, bacterial counts, and polymorphonuclear neutrophil(More)
Corneal infection with Pseudomonas aeruginosa perforates the cornea in susceptible C57BL/6 (B6), but not resistant BALB/c, mice. To determine whether vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) played a role in development of the resistant response, protein expression levels were tested by immunocytochemistry and enzyme immunoassay in BALB/c and B6 corneas. Both(More)
The kinetics of IL-1 (alpha and beta) production after Pseudomonas aeruginosa corneal infection was examined in susceptible (cornea perforates) C57BL/6J (B6) and resistant (cornea heals) BALB/cByJ (BALB/c) mice. IL-1alpha and -1beta (mRNA and protein) were elevated in both mouse strains, and levels peaked at 1 day postinfection (p.i. ). Significantly(More)
This study provides evidence for an N-acetylmannosamine (manNac) receptor mediating in vivo bacterial adherence of P. aeruginosa to the scarified corneal epithelial surface. Bacteria, whether exposed to the inhibiting sugar or not, did not adhere immediately after inoculation, but required time in contact with the scarified corneal surface to adhere and(More)
Corneal clarity in young adult Swiss (HSD:ICR) mice is restored after Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection. Previous data showed that this response involves a rapid up-regulation of constitutive intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and migration of inflammatory cells into the cornea. In contrast, in aged mice, there is no up-regulation of corneal(More)
PURPOSE To determine the effects of silencing Toll-like receptor (TLR) 9 signaling in Pseudomonas aeruginosa keratitis. METHODS Corneal TLR9 mRNA levels were tested by RT-PCR in C57BL/6 (B6, susceptible) and BALB/c (resistant) mice and compared. The response of B6 mice to CpG DNA, which binds TLR9, was tested after subconjunctival injection of mice with(More)
The role of macrophages in Pseudomonas aeruginosa corneal infection in susceptible (cornea perforates), C57BL/6 (B6) vs resistant (cornea heals), BALB/c mice was tested by depleting macrophages using subconjunctival injections of clodronate-containing liposomes before corneal infection. Both groups of inbred mice treated with clodronate-liposomes compared(More)