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OBJECTIVES To determine the symptomatic and urodynamic outcome of elective prostatectomy and to establish whether the outcome is influenced or can be predicted by preoperative urodynamic measurements. DESIGN Prospective non-randomised study with follow up at a mean of 11 months after operation. Most men were assessed jointly by a urologist and a general(More)
Random effects models are used in many applications in medical statistics, including meta-analysis, cluster randomized trials and comparisons of health care providers. This paper provides a tutorial on the practical implementation of a flexible random effects model based on methodology developed in Bayesian non-parametrics literature, and implemented in(More)
Cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) is a common cause of death after heart transplantation. Coronary angiography is used to monitor the progress of recipients. Diagnostic accuracy of angiography and risk factors for CAV have not been clearly established. Between August 1979 and January 2002, 566 1-year survivors of heart transplantation underwent 2168(More)
BACKGROUND Myocyte necrosis as a result of elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) occurs in approximately one third of cases and is associated with subsequent cardiovascular events. This study assessed the ability of remote ischemic preconditioning (IPC) to attenuate cardiac troponin I (cTnI) release after elective PCI. METHODS AND RESULTS Two(More)
BACKGROUND The EQ-5D has been extensively used to assess patient utility in trials of new treatments within the cardiovascular field. The aims of this study were to review evidence of the validity and reliability of the EQ-5D, and to summarise utility scores based on the use of the EQ-5D in clinical trials and in studies of patients with cardiovascular(More)
This study demonstrates the importance of analyzing survival by cause of death in order to achieve a better understanding of the prognostic indicators involved. It further emphasizes the need for analysis of risk factors in both univariate and multivariate models, and the danger of making judgements based on premature analysis of data on follow-up after(More)
Oncologists traditionally assess their patients' ECOG performance status (PS), and few studies have evaluated the accuracy of these assessments. In this study, 101 patients attending a rapid access clinic at Papworth Hospital with a diagnosis of lung cancer were asked to assess their own ECOG PS score on a scale between 0 and 4. Patients' scores were(More)
BACKGROUND Administration of coagulation factor concentrates to treat bleeding after cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass might be a strategy for reducing allogeneic blood transfusions, particularly for patients treated with warfarin preoperatively. We performed an exploratory analysis on whether the use of prothrombin complex concentrate (PCC) is(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether follow-up of patients recently discharged from the hospital as a result of acute asthma can be adequately provided by a respiratory specialist nurse compared to a respiratory doctor. DESIGN Single center, prospective, randomized controlled trial. SETTING District general hospital in the United Kingdom. PARTICIPANTS One(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the relationship between preoperative risk prediction and intraoperative events. METHODS A total of 3118 patients operated in 1999 and 2000 at our institution were analysed, all of whom had their EuroSCORE collected prospectively. The intraoperative variables studied were consultant or trainee operating, long bypass time, long(More)