Linda D. Scott

Learn More
The use of extended work shifts and overtime has escalated as hospitals cope with a shortage of registered nurses (RNs). Little is known, however, about the prevalence of these extended work periods and their effects on patient safety. Logbooks completed by 393 hospital staff nurses revealed that participants usually worked longer than scheduled and that(More)
BACKGROUND To minimize the occurrence of adverse events among patients, critical care nurses must be alert to subtle changes in patients' conditions, perform accurate clinical assessments, and respond expediently. However, little is known about the effects of the nurses' work hours on vigilance and patients' safety. OBJECTIVES To describe the work(More)
The purpose of this article is to describe the nature and prevalence of errors and near errors reported by 393 full-time hospital staff nurses. One hundred nineteen nurses (30%) reported making at least one error, and 127 nurses (33%) reported at least one near error, for a total of 199 errors and 213 near errors in the 28-day data collection period.(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Recent studies have shown that extended shifts worked by hospital staff nurses are associated with significantly higher risk of errors, yet little information is available about the ability to remain alert during the nurses' commutes following the completion of an extended work shift. The purpose of this study is to describe the prevalence(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if skipping breaks and meal periods increases the risk of errors. BACKGROUND Anecdotal data suggest that staff nurses frequently skip their breaks and/or meal periods to provide patient care. Neither the prevalence nor the impact of this practice on patient safety is known. METHODS Three hundred ninety-three nurses completed(More)
This study examined the effects of 2 home healthcare nursing approaches--supportive-educative and mutual goal setting--on self-management for patients with heart failure. Both approaches are specifically related to participants' understanding of heart failure and self-efficacy in managing the condition. An experimental, longitudinal, repeated-measures(More)
Although most research on medical error has been conducted on adult inpatient units, the few studies conducted in pediatric settings suggest that errors occur more frequently in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) than in other inpatient units. The effects of fatigue, due to long work hours, working at night, and insufficient sleep, are often(More)
OBJECTIVE This study describes fatigue and stress among a random sample of full-time hospital staff nurses (n=393) who provide care for aging family members, compares the results to nurses with and without children younger than 18 years living at home, examines differences in sleep duration, and explores the effects on work performance by care giving status(More)
Research suggests that critically ill patients may be at high risk for medical errors. The purpose of this descriptive study was to determine the type and frequency of errors and near errors reported by a randomly selected sample of 502 critical care nurses. Data on errors and near errors were recorded in logbooks daily for 28 days. Over one quarter of the(More)
OBJECTIVE This study examined the variation in role stress and career satisfaction among hospital-based registered nurses (RNs) by shift length. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA Many hospitals have reorganized care delivery into 12-hour work shifts to improve RN recruitment, retention, and cost effectiveness. Yet little is known about the effects of 12-hour shifts(More)