Linda Czyzyk

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The binding site for an open-channel blocker, QX-222, at mouse muscle nicotinic acetylcholine receptors was probed using site-directed mutagenesis, oocyte expression, and electrophysiological analysis. The proposed cytoplasmic end of the M2 transmembrane helix is termed position 1'. At position 10' (alpha S252, beta T263, gamma A261, delta A266), Ala(More)
A complementary DNA clone (designated GAT-1) encoding a transporter for the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) has been isolated from rat brain, and its functional properties have been examined in Xenopus oocytes. Oocytes injected with GAT-1 synthetic messenger RNA accumulated [3H]GABA to levels above control values. The transporter encoded by(More)
Elevated levels of the p53 cellular tumor antigen have been previously observed in proliferating and transformed mammalian cells. We found that nontransformed mouse cells treated with either UV light or a UV-mimetic chemical carcinogen exhibited a rapid increase in the amount of p53. This stimulation can be explained, at least in part, on the basis of a(More)
Tris+/Na+ permeability ratios were measured from shifts in the biionic reversal potentials of the macroscopic ACh-induced currents for 3 wild-type (WT), 1 hybrid, 2 subunit-deficient, and 25 mutant nicotinic receptors expressed in Xenopus oocytes. At two positions near the putative intracellular end of M2, 2' (alpha Thr244, beta Gly255, gamma Thr253, delta(More)
V(D)J recombination is responsible for the de novo creation of antigen receptor genes in T- and B-cell precursors. To the extent that lymphopoiesis takes place throughout an animal's lifetime, recombination errors present an ongoing problem. One type of aberrant rearrangement ensues when DNA sequences resembling a V(D)J joining signal are targeted by(More)
The association between the papillomavirus E1 and E2 proteins is an important regulatory interaction, imparting coordinated control of viral transcription and replication. Using fluorescence polarization, we have characterized the interactions between HPV-11 E1, HPV-11 E2, and DNA in solution at equilibrium. For these studies, two double-stranded(More)
We have been examining the interaction of a local anesthetic derivative, QX-222, with the ion channel pore of the muscle AChR, using a combination of mutagenesis, oocyte expression, and electrophysiology. Single channel recording, together with macroscopic voltage-jump relaxations, provides a measure of the residence time of the open channel blocker within(More)
ACKNOWLEDGMENT This monograph is based on the papers and discussion from a technical review on " Molecular Approaches to Drug Abuse Research " held on August 24-25, 1989, in Bethesda, MD. The review meeting was sponsored by the National Institute on Drug Abuse. The National Institute on Drug Abuse has obtained permission from the copyright holders to(More)
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