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The quality of a Th1 response can be a prospective correlate of vaccine-mediated protection against certain intracellular pathogens. Using two distinct vaccine platforms, we evaluate the influence of interleukin (IL) 10 production on the magnitude, quality, and protective capacity of CD4(+) T cell responses in the mouse model of Leishmania major infection.(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate if recurrent autoimmunity explained hyperglycemia and C-peptide loss in three immunosuppressed simultaneous pancreas-kidney (SPK) transplant recipients. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We monitored autoantibodies and autoreactive T-cells (using tetramers) and performed biopsy. The function of autoreactive T-cells was studied with in(More)
Partly due to poor blood-brain barrier drug penetration the treatment options for many brain diseases are limited. To safely enhance drug delivery to the brain, glutathione PEGylated liposomes (G-Technology®) were developed. In this study, in rats, we compared the pharmacokinetics and organ distribution of GSH-PEG liposomes using an autoquenched fluorescent(More)
The use of antibody induction after kidney transplantation has increased from 25% to 63% in the past decade and roughly one half of the induction agent used is anti-interleukin-2 receptor antibody (IL-2RA, ie, basiliximab or daclizumab). When combined with calcineurin inhibitor (CNI)-based immunosuppression, IL-2RAs have been shown to reduce the incidence(More)
We describe the anesthetic management and implications of 2 patients with anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor encephalitis. Anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis is a neurological disorder caused by production of antibodies to the NMDA receptor. The NMDA receptor is the target of many drugs used in anesthesia. It is important to understand the pharmacologic(More)
Never will I cease to mingle the Graces and the Muses, sweetest union. Für Mama ii ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I am thankful to my parents for providing me with curiosity and openness towards the world. I would like to thank my family, for their steady support and for believing in my choices. I would like to thank Arend Bayer for his encouragement and just for being(More)