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The quality of a Th1 response can be a prospective correlate of vaccine-mediated protection against certain intracellular pathogens. Using two distinct vaccine platforms, we evaluate the influence of interleukin (IL) 10 production on the magnitude, quality, and protective capacity of CD4(+) T cell responses in the mouse model of Leishmania major infection.(More)
BACKGROUND Recent genomic and bioinformatic advances have motivated the development of numerous network models intending to describe graphs of biological, technological, and sociological origin. In most cases the success of a model has been evaluated by how well it reproduces a few key features of the real-world data, such as degree distributions, mean(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate if recurrent autoimmunity explained hyperglycemia and C-peptide loss in three immunosuppressed simultaneous pancreas-kidney (SPK) transplant recipients. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We monitored autoantibodies and autoreactive T-cells (using tetramers) and performed biopsy. The function of autoreactive T-cells was studied with in(More)
Partly due to poor blood-brain barrier drug penetration the treatment options for many brain diseases are limited. To safely enhance drug delivery to the brain, glutathione PEGylated liposomes (G-Technology®) were developed. In this study, in rats, we compared the pharmacokinetics and organ distribution of GSH-PEG liposomes using an autoquenched fluorescent(More)
UNLABELLED We sought to analyze the mode of interaction of spinal morphine with systemic morphine or buprenorphine, administered in a wide range of antinociceptive doses. The study was performed on Sprague-Dawley rats by using a plantar stimulation test and isobolographic and fractional analyses of drug interaction. The isobolographic and fractional(More)
The use of antibody induction after kidney transplantation has increased from 25% to 63% in the past decade and roughly one half of the induction agent used is anti-interleukin-2 receptor antibody (IL-2RA, ie, basiliximab or daclizumab). When combined with calcineurin inhibitor (CNI)-based immunosuppression, IL-2RAs have been shown to reduce the incidence(More)
We describe the anesthetic management and implications of 2 patients with anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor encephalitis. Anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis is a neurological disorder caused by production of antibodies to the NMDA receptor. The NMDA receptor is the target of many drugs used in anesthesia. It is important to understand the pharmacologic(More)
Informed consent is a critical part of the pre-anesthetic interview and physician-patient relationship. Informed consent should include the nature of the anesthetic plan, the material risks and benefits, as well as the alternatives to the plan. A recent study indicated that even though systematic informed consent is required and performed by providers,(More)