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PURPOSE Neural progenitor cells in the subventricular zone (SVZ) have a controversial role in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) as potential tumor-initiating cells. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between radiation dose to the SVZ and survival in GBM patients. METHODS AND MATERIALS The study included 116 patients with primary GBM(More)
The quality of a Th1 response can be a prospective correlate of vaccine-mediated protection against certain intracellular pathogens. Using two distinct vaccine platforms, we evaluate the influence of interleukin (IL) 10 production on the magnitude, quality, and protective capacity of CD4(+) T cell responses in the mouse model of Leishmania major infection.(More)
The TAO (for thousand-and-one amino acids) protein kinases activate p38 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase cascades in vitro and in cells by phosphorylating the MAP/ERK kinases (MEKs) 3 and 6. We found that TAO2 activity was increased by carbachol and that carbachol and the heterotrimeric G protein Galphao could activate p38 in 293 cells. Using dominant(More)
The effects of implant stiffness on load sharing and stress shielding, of vertebral column load sharing on implant fatigue life, and of instrumenting two versus one level adjacent to a comminuted segment on implant internal loads were studied. Finite element models of six screw constructs with 4.76 mm rod; 6.35 mm rod, and VSP plate tri-level(More)
Obesity has been associated with an increased risk of osteoarthritis (OA). However, the mechanism by which obesity contributes to OA remains uncertain. Adiponectin, an adipocyte-derived hormone, has shown anti-diabetic and anti-atherogenic properties. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the potential role of adiponectin in OA disease. We(More)
Several key biological mechanisms of traumatic injury to axons have been elucidated using in vitro stretch injury models. These models, however, are based on the experimentation of single cultures keeping productivity slow. Indeed, low yield has hindered important and well-founded investigations requiring high throughput methods such as proteomic analyses.(More)
We describe the anesthetic management and implications of 2 patients with anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor encephalitis. Anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis is a neurological disorder caused by production of antibodies to the NMDA receptor. The NMDA receptor is the target of many drugs used in anesthesia. It is important to understand the pharmacologic(More)
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Resveratrol (3,5,4'-trihydroxystilbene), a phytoalexin found in grapes and other food products, has been shown to have cancer chemopreventive activity. However, the mechanism of the anti-carcinogenic activity is not well understood. Here, we offer a possible explanation of its anti-tumor effect. Based on flow cytometric analysis, resveratrol inhibited the(More)