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In a problem-based learning (PBL) environment, students work in groups on real-life problems and have the opportunity to determine for themselves what they need to learn in the relevant subject area(s). A common feature of problem-based learning is to provide students with a range of resources that assist them in solving the problems. This paper attempts to(More)
The use of the Internet is a common theme in current educational technology research. However, hype does not augment learning, and new technology alone does not promise improvement. The question is does Internet presentation alone affect learning outcomes? This study examines two groups of distance learning students on a single course, using the same(More)
The World Wide Web is increasingly being used to provide opportunities for distance learning. This report explores the motivations for developing Web-based distance learning and examines a range of issues including ethics, pedagogy, planning, advantages, disadvantages, and appropriate and inappropriate uses. The analysis takes a learner-centric view,(More)
This working group report proposes a set of criteria for effective design and use of educational multimedia. These criteria are organized around the mutually interdependent roles of teacher, learner, and technology in the educational process. The criteria constitute a first attempt, grounded in educational theory, at a response to important pedagogical and(More)
This paper describes how the Computing Department of the Open University is using the Internet for collaborative learning in a distributed educational process. Our research has been to see the extent to which traditional communications media can be replaced by electronic communication for the whole educational process and in particular to assess the role of(More)
The Open University, which teaches around 150,000 students at a distance, is examining the adaptation of its distance teaching methods for the Internet, and its Computing Department has undertaken a sequence of trials to investigate both the technical and educational issues involved. Two small-scale trials were run in 1995, and this paper will describe(More)
This paper describes how the Open University, as a large distance education institution, has used the Internet to transform the learning environment for distance students. We review the process involved in understanding the requirements of distance education students and how they can be supported via the Internet. We describe the tools developed in our(More)