Linda Carswell

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This is the second in a series of papers that describes the use of the Internet on a distance-taught undergraduate Computer Science course (Thomas et al., 1998). This paper examines students’ experience of a large-scale trial in which students were taught using electronic communication exclusively. The paper compares the constitution and experiences of a(More)
In a problem-based learning (PBL) environment, students work in groups on real-life problems and have the opportunity to determine for themselves what they need to learn in the relevant subject area(s). A common feature of problem-based learning is to provide students with a range of resources that assist them in solving the problems. This paper attempts to(More)
The World Wide Web is increasingly being used to provide opportunities for distance learning. This report explores the motivations for developing Web-based distance learning and examines a range of issues including ethics, pedagogy, planning, advantages, disadvantages, and appropriate and inappropriate uses. The analysis takes a learner-centric view,(More)
The use of the Internet is a common theme in current educational technology research. However, hype does not augment learning, and new technology alone does not promise improvement. The question is does Internet presentation alone affect learning outcomes? This study examines two groups of distance learning students on a single course, using the same(More)
This paper describes how the Computing Department of the Open University is using the Internet for collaborative learning in a distributed educational process. Our research has been to see the extent to which traditional communications media can be replaced by electronic communication for the whole educational process and in particular to assess the role of(More)
This working group report proposes a set of criteria for effective design and use of educational multimedia. These criteria are organized around the mutually interdependent roles of teacher, learner, and technology in the educational process. The criteria constitute a first attempt, grounded in educational theory, at a response to important pedagogical and(More)
This paper describes how the Open University, as a large distance education institution, has used the Internet to transform the learning environment for distance students. We review the process involved in understanding the requirements of distance education students and how they can be supported via the Internet. We describe the tools developed in our(More)
Universities make the assumption that providing distance education is a simple process of translating from one medium to the next: the current popular medium being the Internet. However, the danger in this approach is two fold. First, if the components of distance education are ill understood then an inappropriate pedagogy and strategy may result. Second, a(More)
This paper is based on an investigation into the learning experiences of student midwives in the clinical setting in one maternity unit in the Republic of Ireland. A questionnaire approach was adopted for the data collection and 42 student midwives participated in the study. A number of factors were identified which appear to influence students' experiences(More)