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The phagocyte nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (reduced form) (NADPH) oxidase was functionally reconstituted in monkey kidney COS-7 cells by transfection of essential subunits, gp91(phox), p22(phox), p47(phox), and p67(phox). COS-7 cells express the essential small guanosine 5'-triphosphatase, Rac1. Transgenic COS-phox cells were capable of(More)
The neutrophil NADPH-oxidase can be activated by protein kinase C (PKC) agonists such as phorbol myristate acetate (PMA), resulting in superoxide anion release. This superoxide release is independent of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase) because the inhibitor wortmannin does not affect the response. In this study, PMA is shown to also induce a(More)
We review the emerging concept that changes in cellular bioenergetics concomitantly reprogram inflammatory and metabolic responses. The molecular pathways of this integrative process modify innate and adaptive immune reactions associated with inflammation, as well as influencing the physiology of adjacent tissue and organs. The initiating proinflammatory(More)
A widely distributed Ca2+- and phospholipid-dependent protein kinase, protein kinase C, may play a major role in cellular regulation. We now report that arachidonate can directly activate protein kinase C from human neutrophils. Activation was Ca2+-dependent and was enhanced by diolein, but did not require phosphatidylserine. Arachidonate enhanced the(More)
Human adaptor protein, phosphotyrosine interaction, PH domain and leucine zipper containing 1 (APPL1) and adaptor protein, phosphotyrosine interaction, PH domain and leucine zipper containing 2 (APPL2) are homologous effectors of the small guanosine triphosphatase RAB5 that interact with a diverse set of receptors and signaling proteins and are proposed to(More)
We investigated the capacity of bacterial endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide, LPS) to modify the oxidative metabolic response to membrane stimulation of human neutrophils. Neutrophils were pretreated for 60 min with LPS, 10 ng/ml, then stimulated by exposure to fixed immune complexes, the chemotactic peptide formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (FMLP), or(More)
Activation of phospholipase D occurs in response to a wide variety of hormones, growth factors, and other extracellular signals. The initial product of phospholipase D, phosphatidic acid (PA), is thought to serve a signaling function, but the intracellular targets for this lipid second messenger are not clearly identified. The production of PA in human(More)
NADPH oxidase activity in particulate fractions from human neutrophils stimulated with phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) or opsonized zymosan was enhanced by prior exposure of the neutrophils to chemotactic factors. Enhanced activity was seen measuring both NADPH-dependent chemiluminescence and superoxide anion production. Enhancement was observed to be both(More)
Arachidonate and other unsaturated long-chain fatty acids were found to activate protein kinase C from human neutrophils. Kinase activation by arachidonate required calcium and was enhanced by diolein but did not require exogenous phosphatidylserine. Submaximal levels of arachidonate also enhanced the affinity of the kinase for calcium during activation by(More)
Activation of the membrane-bound NADPH oxidase in human polymorphonuclear leukocytes can be triggered by chemoattractants, the tumor promoter phorbol myristate acetate or the calcium ionophore A23187. We have shown previously that these stimuli have markedly different temporal patterns of oxidase activation (McPhail, L. C., and Snyderman, R. (1983) J. Clin.(More)