Learn More
OBJECTIVE To describe the bacterial types and colony counts present before and during vaginal surgery. METHODS A descriptive study was undertaken of patients undergoing vaginal hysterectomy with or without reconstructive pelvic surgery. Aerobic and anaerobic bacterial cultures were obtained immediately before and throughout the surgical cases at(More)
AIMS The objective of this study was to establish the factor validity of a modified Melnyck's Barrier Scale and estimate its reliability in an ethnically heterogeneous incontinent female population. METHODS Computer assisted telephone interviews (CATI) were conducted on a nonprobability sample of 275 incontinent females (95 Caucasian, 95 African American,(More)
AIMS To assess the construct validity of the incontinence severity index (ISI) by testing its correlation with two health-related quality of life measures, the short forms of the Urogenital Distress Inventory (UDI-6) and the Incontinence Impact Questionnaire (IIQ-7), in women with urodynamic stress incontinence. MATERIALS AND METHODS A cohort of 170 women(More)
We investigated operant behavior in a novel species, the dwarf hamster (Phodopus campbelli). In two experiments, hamsters were trained to lever-press for food reinforcement. In Experiment 1, rate of reinforcement was manipulated across conditions using four variable-interval schedules of reinforcement (delivering one to eight reinforcers per min). As(More)
The purpose of this study was to establish the structure and factor validity of an expectation questionnaire and estimate its reliability in an ethnically heterogeneous incontinent female population. CATIs were conducted on a nonprobability sample of 275 incontinent women to assess the likelihood of a specific outcome of incontinence care seeking. Principal(More)
  • 1