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BACKGROUND diabetes and hypertension are two highly prevalent diseases in the old population. They are highly related such that comorbidity is common. OBJECTIVES to examine (i) the independent impact of the respective diseases on cognitive decline in very old age and (ii) the interactive impact of the two diseases on cognitive decline. SUBJECTS 258(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to examine if Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a risk factor for dementia in very old age, specifically for Alzheimer's disease (AD) and vascular dementia (VaD). METHODS We evaluated the risk of dementia in relation to Type 2 diabetes using a population-based sample of 702 individuals aged 80 years and older (mean age(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine factors associated with life satisfaction in the oldest-old within a spectrum of psychosocial and health related variables. Scores on the life satisfaction index (LSI-Z) were related to scales and questions regarding, demographics, depression, locus of control, cognitive function, functional capacity (instrumental(More)
We examined change in neuropsychological test performance related to type 2 diabetes mellitus across a 6-year interval. A population-based sample of 274 elderly participants (36 with diabetes and 238 without diabetes) was examined at four occasions at a 2-year interval. The participants were 80-93 years of age (M = 82.8 years) and without dementia at(More)
The purpose of this study was to assess the relative importance of age, gender, and education on episodic memory functioning in a population-based sample of healthy individuals, between 90 and 100 years of age. A total of 80 persons completed a face recognition task, immediate and delayed word recall, object recall, and the Mini-Mental State Examination.(More)
OBJECTIVE This study examines whether overweight in midlife increases dementia risk later in life. METHODS In 1963 body mass index was assessed in 1152 participants of The Swedish Twin Registry, at the age of 45-65 years. These participants were later screened for dementia in a prospective study with up to 40 years follow-up. A total of 312 participants(More)
BACKGROUND The relationship between vitamin status and cognitive functioning has been addressed in several recent studies with inconclusive results. The purpose of this study was to examine separate and combined effects of serum vitamin B12 and folic acid on episodic memory functioning in very old age. METHODS Four study groups were selected from a(More)
BACKGROUND Although an increasing body of evidence links being overweight in midlife with an increased risk for dementia in late life, no studies have examined the association between being overweight in midlife and cognitive ability in late life. Our aim was to examine the association between being overweight in midlife as measured by body mass index (BMI)(More)
PURPOSE This study describes the Swedish debate on the role of family and state in care of elderly persons. It provides empirical evidence on the shifting balance of family, state, and market in the total panorama of elderly care. DESIGN AND METHODS Secondary analysis of older (1954) and more recent data sources (1994 and 2000) is used to assess living(More)
BACKGROUND self-reported body mass index (BMI) based on self-reported height and weight is a widely used measure of adiposity in epidemiological research. Knowledge about the accuracy of these measures in late life is scarce. OBJECTIVE the study aimed to evaluate the accuracy and changes in accuracy of self-reported height, weight and BMI calculated from(More)