Linda B. Brubaker

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We examined direct and indirect impacts of millennial-scale climate change on fire regimes in the south-central Brooks Range, Alaska, USA, using four lake sediment records and existing paleoclimate interpretations. New techniques were introduced to identify charcoal peaks semi-objectively and to detect statistical differences between fire regimes. Peaks in(More)
[1] Large variations in the composition, structure, and function of Arctic ecosystems are determined by climatic gradients, especially of growing-season warmth, soil moisture, and snow cover. A unified circumpolar classification recognizing five types of tundra was developed. The geographic distributions of vegetation types north of 55 N, including the(More)
The long-term role of fire in coastal temperate rain forest is poorly understood. To determine the historical role of fire on western Vancouver Island (British Columbia, Canada), we constructed a long-term spatially explicit fire history and examined the spatial and temporal distribution of fire during the Holocene. Two fire-history parameters(More)
[1] Recent climatic warming has resulted in pronounced environmental changes in the Arctic, including shrub cover expansion and sea ice shrinkage. These changes foreshadow more dramatic impacts that will occur if the warming trend continues. Among the major challenges in anticipating these impacts are “surprises” stemming from changes in system components(More)
Charcoal records from lake sediments may show changes in fire frequency over thousands of years, but such records are ambiguous with regard to the actual locations of fires. Using a comparison of fire dates from an 1800-year lake sediment record from the west coast of Vancouver Island (British Columbia, Canada) and dates of last fire from 38 sites in the(More)
Understanding feedbacks between terrestrial and atmospheric systems is vital for predicting the consequences of global change, particularly in the rapidly changing Arctic. Fire is a key process in this context, but the consequences of altered fire regimes in tundra ecosystems are rarely considered, largely because tundra fires occur infrequently on the(More)
1 Palynology has been portrayed as a ‘blunt’ tool for reconstructing variations in arctic tundra vegetation. We tested this characterization in the Arctic Foothills of northern Alaska by analysing 56 modern pollen assemblages from lakes on contrasting glaciated surfaces. The two surfaces, which date to the Sagavanirktok (> 125 000 years BP) and Itkillik II(More)
tem processes, and topography in determining vegetation Analyses of pollen, plant macrofossils, macroscopic charcoal, composition, landscape patterns, and ecosystem function mollusks, magnetic susceptibility, and geochemical content of a (Van Cleve et al., 1983, 1986, 1991; Wien and MacLean, sediment core from Farewell Lake yield a 11,000-yr record of 1983;(More)
The influence of climate on the population dynamics of trees must be inferred from indirect sources of information because the long lifespans of trees preclude direct observation of population growth and decline. Important insights about these processes come from 1) observations of the life histories and ecologies of trees in contemporary forests, 2)(More)
INTRODUCTION Trace-element analysis of the calcareous shells of ostracodes The effects of climatic change on the boreal forest have in a sediment core from Farewell Lake provides the first limnobeen the subject of many recent investigations because of geochemical record for climatic reconstructions in Alaska. When the concern about the sensitivity of the(More)