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The association between CYP2D6 genotype and outcome in breast cancer patients treated with adjuvant tamoxifen remains controversial. We assessed the influence of comprehensive versus limited CYP2D6 genotype in the context of tamoxifen adherence and co-medication in a large cohort of 618 patients. Genotyping of 33 CYP2D6 alleles used two archival cohorts(More)
BACKGROUND Polymorphisms within the P1 isoenzyme of GST (GSTP1) are associated with alterations in enzyme activity and may change sensitivity to platinum-based chemotherapy. We investigated the relationship between exon 5 and exon 6 GSTP1 gene polymorphisms and treatment response, hematological, and nonhematological toxicity and overall survival for(More)
PURPOSE Temozolomide is an imidazotetrazine with a mechanism of action similar to dacarbazine and equivalent activity in melanoma. It is well tolerated and is a candidate for combination chemotherapy and schedule manipulation. In this study, we combined temozolomide with interferon alfa-2b and, separately, with thalidomide, and we administered temozolomide(More)
BACKGROUND Some non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) surgical series have indicated that the positive prognostic effect of female sex is limited to patients with adenocarcinoma. We carried out a retrospective analysis to investigate the role of sex and histology on efficacy, toxicity, and dose delivery after chemotherapy. PATIENT AND METHODS Individual(More)
BACKGROUND The treatment of lung cancer has reached a therapeutic plateau. Several mechanisms of platinum resistance have been described, including the removal of platinum-DNA adduct by nucleotide excision repair (NER). Polymorphisms within the Xeroderma pigmentosum Group D protein (XPD), a member of the NER pathway, are associated with alterations in(More)
BACKGROUND Phase III studies suggest that non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients treated with cisplatin-docetaxel may have higher response rates and better survival compared with other platinum-based regimens. We report the final results of a randomised phase III study of docetaxel and carboplatin versus MIC or MVP in patients with advanced NSCLC. (More)
BACKGROUND For stage II and III head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) treated with radiotherapy alone, loco-regional recurrence is the main cause of treatment failure. Strategies to improve loco-regional control should not be at the expense of increased late normal tissue toxicity. We investigated dose-intensified hypofractionated(More)
BACKGROUND A randomised phase II study was performed to compare standard combination chemotherapy containing cisplatin and etoposide with infusional carboplatin. PATIENTS AND METHODS One hundred twenty patients with locally advanced/metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer or mesothelioma were enrolled. All were chemotherapy-naïve and had a Karnofsky(More)
PURPOSE The uptake of risk-reducing surgery in women at increased risk of breast and ovarian cancer is highly variable between countries and centers within countries. We have investigated the rate, timing, and age of uptake of surgery in the northwest of England to report the results after up to 7 years in a Regional Genetics center. METHODS Uptake was(More)
BACKGROUND Platinum-based therapy is pivotal to the treatment of advanced non-small cell lung Cancer (NSCLC). Excision repair cross-complementation group 1 (ERCC1) is a key component of the platinum-DNA repair machinery responsible for nucleotide excision repair. We sought to determine the influence of ERCC1 mRNA expression in advanced NSCLC on chemotherapy(More)