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Advances in genomics have led to mounting expectations in regard to their impact on health care and disease prevention. In light of this fact, a comprehensive research agenda is needed to move human genome discoveries into health practice in a way that maximizes health benefits and minimizes harm to individuals and populations. We present a framework for(More)
OBJECTIVE Intrauterine infusion of saline solution during transvaginal ultrasonography enhances visualization of the endometrium. We compared the accuracy and pain rating of saline infusion sonography with those of flexible office hysteroscopy. STUDY DESIGN The uterine cavities of 130 patients with abnormal bleeding were evaluated by two physicians in an(More)
The recent completion of the first draft of the human genome sequence and advances in technologies for genomic analysis are generating tremendous opportunities for epidemiologic studies to evaluate the role of genetic variants in human disease. Many methodological issues apply to the investigation of variation in the frequency of allelic variants of human(More)
The Evaluation of Genomic Applications in Practice and Prevention (EGAPP) Initiative, established by the National Office of Public Health Genomics at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, supports the development and implementation of a rigorous, evidence-based process for evaluating genetic tests and other genomic applications for clinical and(More)
CONTEXT Associations between chromosome 9p21 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and heart disease have been reported and replicated. If testing improves risk assessments using traditional factors, it may provide opportunities to improve public health. OBJECTIVES To perform a targeted systematic review of published literature for effect size,(More)
PURPOSE We compared the effectiveness of PCA3 (prostate cancer antigen 3) and select comparators for improving initial or repeat biopsy decision making in men at risk for prostate cancer, or treatment choices in men with prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS MEDLINE®, EMBASE®, Cochrane Database and gray literature were searched from January 1990 through(More)
Predictive genomic profiling used to produce personalized nutrition and other lifestyle health recommendations is currently offered directly to consumers. By examining previous meta-analyses and HuGE reviews, we assessed the scientific evidence supporting the purported gene-disease associations for genes included in genomic profiles offered online. We(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To review diagnoses, complications, and surgical findings in women treated for abnormal uterine bleeding by operative hysteroscopy, and to assess the accuracy of preoperative transvaginal ultrasound (TVS), saline-infusion sonography (SIS), diagnostic hysteroscopy, and endometrial biopsy. DESIGN Retrospective study (Canadian task force(More)
OBJECTIVE We sought to characterize the impact of uterine leiomyomas (fibroids) in a racially diverse sample of women in the United States. STUDY DESIGN A total of 968 women (573 white, 268 African American, 127 other races) aged 29-59 years with self-reported symptomatic uterine leiomyomas participated in a national survey. We assessed diagnosis,(More)