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Significant changes in topographic quantitative EEG (QEEG) features were documented during induction and emergence from anaesthesia induced by the systematic administration of sevoflurane and propofol in combination with remifentanil. The goal was to identify those changes that were sensitive to alterations in the state of consciousness but independent of(More)
The perception of a visual stimulus can be inhibited by occipital transcranial magnetic stimulation. This visual suppression effect has been attributed to disruption in the cortical gray matter of primary visual cortex or in the fiber tracts leading to V1 from the thalamus. However, others have suggested that the visual suppression effect is caused by(More)
OBJECTIVE Resection or even biopsy of an intra-axial mass lesion in close relationship to eloquent cortex carries a major risk of neurological deficit. We have assessed the safety and effectiveness of craniotomy under local anesthesia and monitored conscious sedation for the resection of tumors involving eloquent cortex. METHODS We have performed a(More)
OBJECTIVE Craniotomy and brain mapping performed with the patient under local anesthesia and monitored sedation is an important technique to allow optimal resection of brain tumors or other lesions in close apposition to eloquent cortex. The subjective experience of patients undergoing this procedure has not been addressed in the literature. METHODS This(More)
We describe functional brain mapping experiments using a transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) device. This device, when placed on a subject's scalp, stimulates the underlying neurons by generating focused magnetic field pulses. A brain mapping is then generated by measuring responses of different motor and sensory functions to this stimulation. The key(More)
Patient height is considered an important determinant of the dose of spinal anesthesia. However, the relationship between body height and the level of sensory anesthesia with a fixed dose of spinal anesthetic has not been clearly documented. Recent evidence suggests no correlation between height or weight of parturients and spread of spinal anesthesia.(More)
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a novel brain stimulation technique that has advanced the understanding of brain physiology, and has diagnostic value as well as therapeutic potential for several neuropsychiatric disorders. The stimulation involves restricted cortical and subcortical regions, and, when used in combination with a visually guided(More)
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE We present a case of a patient with an ophthalmic artery aneurysm in which the ophthalmic artery originated from the body of the aneurysm, requiring sacrifice of the ophthalmic artery to achieve complete aneurysm obliteration. We awakened the patient intraoperatively to assess optic nerve function after clipping and were able to(More)
BACKGROUND Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a serious postoperative complication. OBJECTIVE To determine whether AKI in patients after craniotomy is associated with heightened 30-day mortality. METHODS We performed a 2-center, retrospective cohort study of 1656 craniotomy patients who received critical care between 1998 and 2011. The exposure of interest(More)
OBJECT Approximately 250 million surgical procedures are performed annually worldwide, and data suggest that major complications occur in 3%-17% of them. Many of these complications can be classified as avoidable, and previous studies have demonstrated that preoperative checklists improve operating room teamwork and decrease complication rates. Although the(More)