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Articular cartilage biopsies were subjected to a single impact load and the metabolic response of the chondrocytes investigated using radiolabelled precursors for protein ([3H]leucine) and glycosaminoglycan ([35S]sulfate). The severity of the impact was controlled by using different masses and drop heights in a purpose built drop tower. Loss of matrix(More)
The ability of Streptococcus mutans (Bratthall serotypes a through e) to grow on 10 isolation media was examined. The number and morphology of the colonies were observed to vary on different media. The use of blood-sucrose media consistently produced the highest recoveries. Mitis salivarius agar (MS) and higher recovery values than modified medium 10(More)
The number of DM and d teeth and surfaces was recorded for 220 Yanomamö Indians from three groups of villages with different degrees of contact with Western culture. Specimens of plaque were taken from the teeth, transported in a holding solution, cultured, and examined for specific oral streptococci. In addition, the periodontal health and oral hygiene of(More)
A variety of fluorescent excitation light sources were compared using a standard fluorescein solution or a bacterial conjugate with immunofluorescent microscopy. Quantitative data were obtained with microscope photometric apparatus. Both the quantitative data and comparative conjugate titering suggest that the 450-W xenon arc excited significantly more(More)
Methodology is presented for identifying an unknown active (pharmaceutical) ingredient (AI) in a counterfeit drug product. A range of mass spectrometric techniques, i.e., accurate mass mass spectrometry, tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) and liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS), has been employed to determine the AI in a counterfeit Halfan(More)
A total of 82 strains of Streptococcus mutans representing serotypes a through g were tested for susceptibility to erythromycin, penicillin, methicillin, lincomycin, tetracycline, vancomycin, gentamicin, streptomycin, neomycin, kanamycin, bacitracin, and polymyxin B. Strains included stock cultures and isolates from human and animal dental plaque. Minimal(More)
Selected microbial components in dental plaque were determined for children in Biddeford, Maine and Colombia, South America. Using cultural methods, Streptococcus mutans was detected in 51.4% of the Colombian children and 63.3% of the Maine children. Serotype c was predominant in both populations. The greatest difference between the two groups occurred with(More)
The biocompatibility of particles of four different commercial polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) bone cements was evaluated by exposing human synovial fibroblasts and mouse peritoneal macrophages to particles of cement. Cell integrity and inflammatory potential were assessed using enzyme release and microscopical examination. Results suggested the occurrence of(More)