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Elevated levels of the p53 protein occur in approximately 50% of human malignancies, which makes it an excellent target for a broad-spectrum T cell immunotherapy of cancer. A major barrier to the design of p53-specific immunotherapeutics and vaccines, however, is the possibility that T cells may be tolerant of antigens derived from wild-type p53 due to its(More)
To develop a thrombus localizing tracer which has characteristics superior to labeled fibrinogen for external detection, we evaluated radioiodinated soluble fibrin. Labeled soluble fibrin was prepared by clotting and dissolving radioiodinated (131I) canine fibrinogen under specified conditions. Biological clearance studies revealed rapid clearance of the(More)
Protein C deficiency has been thought to be associated with an increased risk of venous thrombosis. To establish a normal range of values, we used a two-site monoclonal-antibody assay to measure protein C levels in 699 healthy adults. The distribution was log normal; 95 percent of the values ranged from 70 to 140 percent of the overall mean (4.03 micrograms(More)
Transgenic mice that express the influenza virus hemagglutinin (HA) on pancreatic islet beta cells (ins-HA) demonstrate tolerance of HA even after immunization with influenza virus. Surprisingly, when Ins-HA mice were mated with a transgenic mouse expressing a TCR specific for an epitope of HA that is restricted by MHC class I H-2Kd (Clone-4 TCR), the(More)
A major barrier to the design of immunotherapeutics and vaccines for cancer is the idiosyncratic nature of many tumor antigens and the possibility that T cells may be tolerant of broadly distributed antigens. We have devised an experimental strategy that exploits species differences in protein sequences to circumvent tolerance of high-affinity T cells. HLA(More)
Transgenic murine lines have been constructed that express a chimeric class I molecule composed of the alpha 1 and alpha 2 domains of HLA-A2.1 and the alpha 3, transmembrane, and cytoplasmic domains of H-2Kb. Upon immunization with influenza virus, transgenic mice developed a strong A2.1Kb-restricted cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) response specific for the(More)