Linda A. Jahn

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We have previously shown that skeletal muscle capillaries are rapidly recruited by physiological doses of insulin in both humans and animals. This facilitates glucose and insulin delivery to muscle, thus augmenting glucose uptake. In obese rats, both insulin-mediated microvascular recruitment and glucose uptake are diminished; however, this action of(More)
Despite intensive study, the relation between insulin's action on blood flow and glucose metabolism remains unclear. Insulin-induced changes in microvascular perfusion, independent from effects on total blood flow, could be an important variable contributing to insulin's metabolic action. We hypothesized that modest, physiologic increments in plasma insulin(More)
OBJECTIVE Ingestion of a mixed meal recruits flow to muscle capillaries and increases total forearm blood flow in healthy young lean people. We examined whether these vascular responses are blunted by obesity. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We fed eight middle-aged lean and eight obese overnight-fasted volunteers a liquid mixed meal (480 kcal). Plasma(More)
Insulin inhibits proteolysis in human muscle thereby increasing protein anabolism. In contrast, IGF-I promotes muscle protein anabolism principally by stimulating protein synthesis. As increases or decreases of plasma amino acids may affect protein turnover in muscle and also alter the muscle's response to insulin and/or IGF-I, this study was designed to(More)
OBJECTIVE Transport of insulin from the central circulation into muscle is rate limiting for the stimulation of glucose metabolism. By recruiting muscle microvasculature, insulin may promote its own movement into muscle interstitium. We tested whether in humans, as in the rat, insulin exerts an early action to recruit microvasculature within skeletal(More)
Studies in vitro as well as in vivo in rodents have suggested that amino acids (AA) not only serve as substrates for protein synthesis, but also as nutrient signals to enhance mRNA translation and protein synthesis in skeletal muscle. However, the physiological relevance of these findings to normal humans is uncertain. To examine whether AA regulate the(More)
Intense exercise and insulin each increases total limb blood flow and recruits muscle capillaries, presumably to facilitate nutrient exchange. Whether mixed meals or light exercise likewise recruits capillaries is unknown. We fed 18 (9 M, 9 F) healthy volunteers a 480-kcal liquid mixed meal. Plasma glucose, insulin, brachial artery flow, and forearm muscle(More)
Amino acids are unique anabolic agents in that they nutritively signal to mRNA translation initiation and serve as substrates for protein synthesis in skeletal muscle. Glucocorticoid excess antagonizes the anabolic action of amino acids on protein synthesis in laboratory animals. To examine whether excessive glucocorticoids modulate mixed amino(More)
GDF5 (growth and differentiation factor five), a member of the TGF-beta superfamily, binds specifically to BMPR1b, BMPR2 and ACTR2a receptors forming a heterodimeric complex, thereby inducing phosphorylation of smad1, 5, 8 and translocation to the nucleus. ID1 (inhibitor of differentiation or DNA binding) is essential for G1 to S phase transition inhibiting(More)
Insulin stimulates muscle glucose disposal via both glycolysis and glycogen synthesis. Insulin activates glycogen synthase (GS) in skeletal muscle by phosphorylating PKB (or Akt), which in turn phosphorylates and inactivates glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK-3), with subsequent activation of GS. A rapamycin-sensitive pathway, most likely acting via ribosomal(More)