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Studies suggest that astrocytes and microglia in the spinal cord are involved in the development of persistent pain induced by tissue inflammation and nerve injury. However, the role of glial cells in bone cancer pain is not well understood. The present study evaluated the spinal glial activation in a novel rat model of bone cancer pain produced by(More)
BACKGROUND Although pain affects the quality of life of cancer patients, current medical treatments are either ineffective or have side effects. In the present study we investigated the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on cancer-induced hyperalgesia and expression of interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), upregulation of which is related to the maintenance of(More)
Our previous study showed that electroacupuncture (EA), an adjuvant to conventional medicine, significantly attenuated hyperalgesia in a rat model of inflammatory pain. In the present study, we evaluated the potential additive and/or synergism of EA and a sub-effective dose of dizocilpine maleate (MK-801), a non-competitive N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA)(More)
Although it has been shown that pro-inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) facilitate perception of noxious inputs at the spinal level, the mechanisms have not been understood. This study determined the cell type that produces IL-1beta, the co-localization of IL-1 receptor type I (IL-1RI) and Fos and NR1 in the spinal cord, and the(More)
Our previous study showed that electroacupuncture (EA) significantly attenuated inflammatory hyperalgesia. It has also been reported that EA analgesia in uninjured animals is mediated by mu and delta opioid receptors at 2-15 Hz and by kappa opioid receptor at 100 Hz. Because persistent pain changes neural response to external stimulation, we hypothesized(More)
Previous studies showed that electroacupuncture (EA) significantly attenuates inflammatory hyperalgesia in a complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA)-induced inflammatory pain rat model. The present study demonstrates that pretreatment with Derm-sap, a selective toxin for neurons that contain mu opioid receptor (MOR), specifically decreases MOR and blocks EA(More)
Resistance to chemotherapy is a major obstacle for the effective treatment of cancers. Lin28 has been shown to contribute to tumor relapse after chemotherapy; however, the relationship between Lin28 and chemoresistance remained unknown. In this study, we investigated the association of Lin28 with paclitaxel resistance and identified the underlying(More)
Our previous study showed that electroacupuncture (EA) significantly attenuated hyperalgesia in an animal model of persistent inflammatory pain. The present study was designed to show if Gi/o protein is involved in EA-produced anti-hyperalgesia. Spinal Gi/o-protein function was destroyed by intrathecal pretreatment with pertussis toxin (PTX). Seven days(More)
Single image matting, the task of estimating accurate foreground opacity from a given image, is a severely ill-posed and challenging problem. Inspired by recent advances in image co-segmentation, in this paper, we present a novel framework for a new task called co-matting, which aims to simultaneously extract alpha mattes in multiple images that contain(More)