Learn More
Smaug is an RNA-binding protein that induces the degradation and represses the translation of mRNAs in the early Drosophila embryo. Smaug has two identified direct target mRNAs that it differentially regulates: nanos and Hsp83. Smaug represses the translation of nanos mRNA but has only a modest effect on its stability, whereas it destabilizes Hsp83 mRNA but(More)
RATIONALE Oxidative stress is a key contributor in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) pathogenesis caused by cigarette smoking. NRF2, a redox-sensitive transcription factor, dissociates from its inhibitor, KEAP1, to induce antioxidant expression that inhibits oxidative stress. OBJECTIVES To determine the link between severity of COPD, oxidative(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) may be caused by a complex interaction of environmental insults and genetic susceptibilities. Previous studies of DJ-1-deficient mice have noted dopaminergic dysfunction mainly in older mice. To simulate the interaction of genetic factors and environmental factors, we treated DJ-1-deficient mice with paraquat. Even in relatively(More)
We examined the expression pattern of the vesicular acetylcholine transporter in the mouse nervous system, using rodent-specific riboprobes and antibodies, prior to comparing it with the distribution of vesicular acetylcholine transporter expressed from a human transgene in the mouse, using riboprobes and antibodies specific for human. Endogenous vesicular(More)
Mitochondrial dysfunction has been reported in both familial and sporadic Parkinson's disease (PD). However, effective therapy targeting this pathway is currently inadequate. Recent studies suggest that manipulating the processes of mitochondrial fission and fusion has considerable potential for treating human diseases. To determine the therapeutic impact(More)
The 5' flanking region of the human VAChT gene was sequenced to approx 5350 bases upstream of the initiating methionine codon of the VAChT open reading frame (orf). The 5' flanks of the human and rat cholinergic gene loci were compared to identify regions of local sequence conservation, and therefore of potential regulatory importance. Several discrete(More)
PINK1 (PTEN induced putative kinase 1), a familial Parkinson's disease (PD)-related gene, is expressed in astrocytes, but little is known about its role in this cell type. Here, we found that astrocytes cultured from PINK1-knockout (KO) mice exhibit defective proliferative responses to epidermal growth factor (EGF) and fetal bovine serum. In PINK1-KO(More)
The cholinergic gene locus (CGL) was first identified in 1994 as the site (human chromosome 10q11.2) at which choline acetyltransferase and a functional vesicular acetylcholine transporter are co-localized. Here, we present recent neuroanatomical, developmental, and evolutionary insights into the chemical coding of cholinergic neurotransmission that have(More)
Mutations in DJ-1 cause familial Parkinson's disease (PD). The expression pattern of DJ-1 in the brain remains controversial. In the present study, we used DJ-1 deficient mice as negative controls and examined DJ-1 mRNA expression in mouse brains. In sequential double labeling on the same sections, in situ hybridization of DJ-1 mRNA was followed by(More)
The effects of chronic cocaine abuse on transcriptional regulation of human dopamine transporter (DAT) mRNA in midbrain dopaminergic neurons was assessed by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). DAT/cyclophilin mRNA ratios in the substantia nigra (SN) were unchanged in cocaine overdose (CO) victims as compared to age-matched and(More)
  • 1