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Antagonists of adenosine A2A receptors (A2A -antagonists) with different chemical structures have been developed by several pharmaceutical companies for the potential treatment of Parkinson's disease. Pharmacological characterization of these antagonists was incomplete, and different assay conditions were used in different labs. Therefore, we characterized(More)
BACKGROUND Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), the most common mendelian heart disorder, remains an orphan of disease-specific pharmacological treatment because of the limited understanding of cellular mechanisms underlying arrhythmogenicity and diastolic dysfunction. METHODS AND RESULTS We assessed the electromechanical profile of cardiomyocytes from 26(More)
Relapse is the most serious limitation of effective medical treatment of opiate addiction. Opiate-related behaviors appear to be modulated by cannabinoid CB1 receptors (CB1) through poorly understood cross-talk mechanisms. Opiate and CB1 receptors are coexpressed in the nucleus accumbens (NAc) and dorsal striatum. These regions also have the highest density(More)
We found previously that neural responses to ethanol and the dopamine D2 receptor (D2) agonist 2,10,11-trihydroxy-N-propylnorapomorphine hydrobromide (NPA) involve both epsilon protein kinase C (epsilonPKC) and cAMP-dependent protein kinase A (PKA). However, little is known about the mechanism underlying ethanol- and D2-mediated activation of epsilonPKC and(More)
Inhibition of cardiac late sodium current (late I(Na)) is a strategy to suppress arrhythmias and sodium-dependent calcium overload associated with myocardial ischemia and heart failure. Current inhibitors of late I(Na) are unselective and can be proarrhythmic. This study introduces GS967(More)
With increasing adoption and presence of Web services, designing novel approaches for efficient Web services recommendation has become steadily more important. Existing Web services discovery and recommendation approaches focus on either perishing UDDI registries, or keyword-dominant Web service search engines, which possess many limitations such as(More)
With recent advances in radio-frequency identification (RFID), wireless sensor networks, and Web services, physical things are becoming an integral part of the emerging ubiquitous Web. Correlation discovery for ubiquitous things is critical for many important applications such as things search, recommendation, annotation, classification, clustering,(More)
Guaranteeing the high availability of Web services is a significant challenge due to the varying number of invocation requests the Web services have to handle at a time, as well as the dynamic nature of the Web. The issue becomes even more challenging for composite Web services in the sense that their availability is inevitably dependent on corresponding(More)
Effective medical treatment of opiate addiction is limited by a high relapse rate in abstinent addicts. Opiate withdrawal causes cAMP superactivation, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are not clear. Recent evidence implicates an activator of G-protein signaling 3 (AGS3) in opiate addiction. We found previously that during a 10-min activation of(More)
The nucleus accumbens (NAc) is central to heroin addiction. Activation of opiate receptors in the NAc dissociates G(i/o) into alpha and betagamma subunits. Galpha(i) inhibits cAMP production, but betagamma regulates several molecular pathways, including protein kinase A (PKA). We show in NAc/striatal neurons that opiates paradoxically activate PKA signaling(More)