Learn More
BACKGROUND Schizophrenia (SCZ) and psychotic bipolar disorder (PBD) share considerable overlap in clinical features, genetic risk factors and co-occurrence among relatives. The common and unique functional cerebral deficits in these disorders, and in unaffected relatives, remain to be identified. METHOD A total of 59 healthy controls, 37 SCZ and 57 PBD(More)
The role of the nerve growth factor family of neurotrophins in the development of cochlear and vestibular ganglia is unclear. In order to predict the potential importance of nerve growth factor, brain-derived neurotrophic factor or neurotrophin-3, we examined the expression of neurotrophin mRNA and full-length neurotrophin receptor mRNA by in-situ(More)
Protein kinase C (PKC) is involved in many neuroadaptive responses to ethanol in the nervous system. PKC activation results in translocation of the enzyme from one intracellular site to another. Compartmentalization of PKC isozymes is regulated by targeting proteins such as receptors for activated C kinase (RACKs). It is possible, therefore, that(More)
Adenosine A2A receptors localized in the dorsal striatum are considered as a new target for the development of antiparkinsonian drugs. Co-administration of A2A receptor antagonists has shown a significant improvement of the effects of l-DOPA. The present review emphasizes the possible application of A2A receptor antagonists in pathological conditions other(More)
Astrocyte activation plays important roles both in physiological and pathological process in the CNS. In the latter, the process is further aggravated by hyperglycemia, leading to diabetes complications of CNS. We report here that high glucose (HG) treatment stimulated astrocytic morphological alteration coupled with changes in glial fibrillary acidic(More)
The nucleus accumbens (NAc) is central to heroin addiction. Activation of opiate receptors in the NAc dissociates G(i/o) into alpha and betagamma subunits. Galpha(i) inhibits cAMP production, but betagamma regulates several molecular pathways, including protein kinase A (PKA). We show in NAc/striatal neurons that opiates paradoxically activate PKA signaling(More)
Relapse is the most serious limitation of effective medical treatment of opiate addiction. Opiate-related behaviors appear to be modulated by cannabinoid CB1 receptors (CB1) through poorly understood cross-talk mechanisms. Opiate and CB1 receptors are coexpressed in the nucleus accumbens (NAc) and dorsal striatum. These regions also have the highest density(More)
Ischemia/hypoxia is known to induce the neural stem cells proliferation and neural differentiation in rodent and human brain; however its mechanisms remain largely unknown. In this study we investigated the effect of hypoxia on neural stem cells (NSCs) proliferation with the expression of cyclin D1 and the phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein(More)
BACKGROUND Recent findings suggest that adenosine is involved in the neural and behavioral effects of ethanol (EtOH). Studies in neural cell culture show that EtOH, via activation of adenosine A2 receptors, triggers cyclic adenosine monophosphate/protein kinase A (cAMP/PKA) signaling and CRE (cAMP regulatory element)-mediated gene expression and that this(More)
Effective medical treatment of opiate addiction is limited by a high relapse rate in abstinent addicts. Opiate withdrawal causes cAMP superactivation, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are not clear. Recent evidence implicates an activator of G-protein signaling 3 (AGS3) in opiate addiction. We found previously that during a 10-min activation of(More)