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Maternal separation (MS), which can lead to hypothalamic pituitary adrenal axis dysfunction and behavioral abnormalities in rhesus monkeys, is frequently used to model early adversity. Whether this deleterious effect on monkeys is reversible by later experience is unknown. In this study, we assessed the basal hair cortisol in rhesus monkeys after 1.5 and 3(More)
Molecular mechanisms underlying bone cancer pain are poorly understood. Recently, p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) activation was shown to play a major role not only in the production of proinflammatory cytokines but also in the progression of inflammatory and neuropathic pain. We have demonstrated that tactile allodynia and spontaneous pain of(More)
Ginsenosides Rg1 and Rb1, major pharmacologically active ingredients from Ginseng, the root of Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer (Araliaceae), were applied in the differentiation media for human neural stem cells (hNSCs), together with brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), a commonly used compound for neural stem cell (NSC) differentiation. Cell locomotion and(More)
We have shown previously that neurofilaments and vimentin filaments expressed in nonneuronal cell lines can lengthen by joining ends in a process known as "end-to-end annealing." To test if this also occurs for neurofilaments in neurons, we transfected cultured rat cortical neurons with fluorescent neurofilament fusion proteins and then used photoconversion(More)
Image noise estimation is of crucial importance for the computer vision algorithm, for the algorithm parameter is always adjusted to account for the variations in noise level over the captured images. A median filter method is provided for the image noise variance estimation in the paper. The image was first processed with a group of high pass digital(More)
BACKGROUND Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) strongly protects against myocardial ischemia reperfusion (IR) injury. However, IPC protection is ineffective in aged hearts. Exercise training reduces the incidence of age-related cardiovascular disease and upregulates the ornithine decarboxylase (ODC)/polyamine pathway. The aim of this study was to investigate(More)
The R2R3MYB proteins comprise one of the largest families of transcription factors and play regulatory roles in developmental processes and defense responses in plants. However, there has been relatively little effort to systematically carry out comprehensive genomic and functional analyses of these genes in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.), a reference(More)
The spines and bloom of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) fruit are two important quality traits related to fruit market value. However, until now, none of the genes involved in the formation of cucumber fruit spines and bloom trichomes has been identified. Here, the characterization of trichome development in wild-type (WT) cucumber and a spontaneous mutant,(More)
BACKGROUND Hereditary spastic paraplegias are a group of neurological disorders characterized by progressive distal degeneration of the longest ascending and descending axons in the spinal cord, leading to lower limb spasticity and weakness. One of the dominantly inherited forms of this disease (spastic gait type 10, or SPG10) is caused by point mutations(More)