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BACKGROUND The development of new therapeutic targets and strategies to control highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 virus infection in humans is urgently needed. Broadly cross-neutralizing recombinant human antibodies obtained from the survivors of H5N1 avian influenza provide an important role in immunotherapy for human H5N1 virus infection and(More)
Macrophages acquire distinct phenotypes during tissue stress and inflammatory responses, but the mechanisms that regulate the macrophage polarization are poorly defined. Here we show that tuberous sclerosis complex 1 (TSC1) is a critical regulator of M1 and M2 phenotypes of macrophages. Mice with myeloid-specific deletion of TSC1 exhibit enhanced M1(More)
Four pairs of XX and XY gonads from Nile tilapia were sequenced at four developmental stages, 5, 30, 90, and 180 days after hatching (dah) using Illumina Hiseq(TM) technology. This produced 28 Gb sequences, which were mapped to 21,334 genes. Of these, 259 genes were found to be specifically expressed in XY gonads, and 69 were found to be specific to XX(More)
Concentrations of 10 perfluorinated chemicals (PFCs) were investigated in the Hun River (HR), four canals, ten lakes, and influents and effluents from four main municipal wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) in Shenyang, China. Mass flows of four main PFCs were calculated to elucidate the contribution from different sections of the HR. Overall,(More)
The identification of antigen-recognizing receptors in the innate immune system significantly helped us to understand the initiation and regulation of the innate immune response. Dectin-1 was recently identified as the most important receptor for beta-glucan. Recognition of beta-glucan by dectin-1 triggers effective immune response, including phagocytosis(More)
Sea cucumbers are fascinating invertebrate organisms because of their ability to rapidly regenerate many organs and appendages. In this study 454 cDNA sequencing method was used to characterize transcriptome in Apostichopus japonicus in order to investigate genes that are active in regeneration. Based on sequence similarity with known genes, our analysis(More)
Abnormal immunity and its related complications are the major causes of mortality and morbidity in diabetes patients. Macrophages, as one of the important innate cells, play pivotal roles in controlling immune homeostasis, immunity, and tolerance. The effects of hyperglycemia on the function of macrophages in hosts remain to be determined. Here we used mice(More)
The discovery of an emerging viral disease, severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS), caused by SFTS virus (SFTSV), has prompted the need to understand pathogenesis of SFTSV. We are unique in establishing an infectious model of SFTS in C57/BL6 mice, resulting in hallmark symptoms of thrombocytopenia and leukocytopenia. Viral RNA and(More)
BACKGROUND Cycloxaprid with cis-configuration is a novel neonicotinoid insecticide, developed in China, that has good industrialisation prospects for its high activity against imidacloprid-resistant pests. Studies were carried out to investigate the biological activity of cycloxaprid and its effect on the feeding behaviour of Sitobion avenae. RESULTS The(More)
Spatial distribution of bacillary dysentery incidence was mapped at the district level in Wuhan, China. And a generalized additive time series model was used to examine the effect of daily weather factors on bacillary dysentery in the high-risk areas, after controlling for potential confounding factors. Central districts were found to be the high-risk(More)