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BACKGROUND It is well established that smoking has detrimental effects on physical health, but its associations with health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and a variety of health behaviors have not been widely investigated in the U.S. population. METHODS Data obtained from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), an ongoing, state-based,(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine the state-based prevalence of serious psychological distress (SPD) and its treatment using the Kessler-6 scale. METHODS SPD and treatment data were obtained from 202,114 respondents in the 2007 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Mental Illness and Stigma Module in 35 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. (More)
OBJECTIVE Improving quality of life is one of the goals of the Healthy People 2010 objectives. Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) measures can be used to indicate unmet health needs and identify health disparity in population subgroups. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS Data were gathered from the 2001-2002 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), a(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to examine the extent to which depression and anxiety are associated with smoking, obesity, physical inactivity and alcohol consumption in the US population using the Patient Health Questionnaire 8 (PHQ-8) and two questions on lifetime diagnosis of anxiety and depression. METHODS Data were analyzed in 38 states, the(More)
BACKGROUND Although the benefits of regular physical activity on morbidity and mortality are established, relationships between recommended levels of physical activity and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) have not been described. The authors examined whether recommended levels of physical activity were associated with better HRQOL and perceived health(More)
PROBLEM Chronic diseases and conditions (e.g., heart disease, cancer, stroke, and diabetes) are the leading causes of death in the United States. Controlling health risk behaviors and conditions (e.g., smoking, physical inactivity, poor diet, excessive drinking, and obesity) and using preventive health-care services (e.g., physical examination, vaccination,(More)
The purpose of this manuscript is to describe the associations among current depression, as measured by the Patient Health Questionnaire 8, health-related quality of life, social support, life satisfaction, and disability status, using the 2006 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. A dose-response relationship exists between depression severity and(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare the prevalence and correlates of meeting current recommendations for physical activity in older adults with and without diabetes mellitus (DM) in the United States. DESIGN A cross-sectional, population-based sample. SETTING The 2007 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey, which employs random-digit dialing to interview(More)
The primary purpose of this article was to examine the associations between life satisfaction level and health-related quality of life (HRQOL), chronic illness, and adverse health behaviors among adults in the U.S. and its territories. Data were obtained from the 2005 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, an ongoing, state-based, random-digit(More)