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Diabetes-induced renal complications, i.e. diabetes nephropathy, are a major cause of morbidity and mortality. The exact mechanisms mediating the negative influence of hyperglycemia on renal function are unclear, although several hypotheses have been postulated. Cellular mechanisms include glucose-induced excessive formation of reactive oxygen species,(More)
This paper presents the first microneedle-based transdermal patch with integrated active dispensing functionality. The electrically controlled system consists of a low-cost dosing and actuation unit capable of controlled release of liquid in the microliter range at low flow-rates and minimally invasive, side-opened, microneedles. The system was successfully(More)
is closely associated with progressive kidney dysfunction, manifested as glomerulosclerosis, interstitial fibrosis, proteinuria, and eventually declining glomerular filtration. The postulated mechanism for development of glomerulosclerosis is barotrauma caused by increased capillary pressure, but the reason for development of interstitial fibrosis and the(More)
C-peptide reduces diabetes-induced glomerular hyperfiltration in diabetic patients and experimental animal models. However, the mechanisms mediating the beneficial effect of C-peptide remain unclear. We investigated whether altered renal afferent-efferent arteriole tonus or alterations in tubular Na+ transport (T(Na)) in response to C-peptide administration(More)
Studies done in cell culture have demonstrated that insulin activates the epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) via a variety of mechanisms. However, to date, upregulation of ENaC in native renal tissue by in vivo administration of insulin has not been demonstrated. To address this, we injected 6-mo-old male C57BL/CBA mice (n = 14/group) intraperitoneally with(More)
OBJECTIVE an increased glomerular filtration rate (GFR) has been postulated as a potential mechanism involved in the progression of diabetic nephropathy. Studies suggest that C-peptide exerts a renoprotective effect on diabetes. The peptide decreases hyperfiltration in patients with type 1 diabetes, as well as in diabetic animal models. In this study, we(More)
The proinsulin connecting peptide, C-peptide, is a cleavage product of insulin synthesis that is co-secreted with insulin by pancreatic beta-cells following glucose stimulation. Recombinant insulin, used in the treatment of diabetes, lacks C-peptide and preclinical and clinical studies suggest that lack of C-peptide may exacerbate diabetes-associated(More)
Increased O(2) metabolism resulting in chronic hypoxia is common in models of endstage renal disease. Mitochondrial uncoupling increases O(2) consumption but the ensuing reduction in mitochondrial membrane potential may limit excessive oxidative stress. The present study addressed the hypothesis that mitochondrial uncoupling regulates mitochondria function(More)
C-peptide has long been thought to be an inert byproduct of insulin production, but it has become apparent, and accepted, that C-peptide has important biological properties. C-peptide displays beneficial effects in many tissues affected by diabetic complications, such as increased peripheral blood flow and protection from renal damage. However, the(More)
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