Lina Nordquist

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Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a major burden on health systems and may arise from multiple initiating insults, including ischaemia-reperfusion injury, cardiovascular surgery, radiocontrast administration and sepsis. Similarly, the incidence and prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) continues to increase, with significant morbidity and mortality.(More)
Hyperglycemia results in increased oxygen consumption and decreased oxygen tension in the kidney. We tested the hypothesis that activation of hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) protects against diabetes-induced alterations in oxygen metabolism and kidney function. Experimental groups consisted of control and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats treated with(More)
Good glycaemic control is essential to minimize the risk for diabetes-induced complications. Also, compliance is likely to be higher if the procedure is simple and painless. This study was designed to validate painless intradermal delivery via a patch-like microneedle array. Diabetes was induced by an intravenous injection of streptozotocin (50 mg/kg bw) in(More)
C-peptide reduces diabetes-induced glomerular hyperfiltration in diabetic patients and experimental animal models. However, the mechanisms mediating the beneficial effect of C-peptide remain unclear. We investigated whether altered renal afferent-efferent arteriole tonus or alterations in tubular Na+ transport (T(Na)) in response to C-peptide administration(More)
We have previously reported increased O(2) consumption unrelated to active transport by tubular cells and up-regulated mitochondrial uncoupling protein (UCP)-2 expressions in diabetic kidneys. It is presently unknown if the increased UCP-2 levels in the diabetic kidney results in mitochondrial uncoupling and increased O(2) consumption, which we therefore(More)
This paper presents the first microneedle-based transdermal patch with integrated active dispensing functionality. The electrically controlled system consists of a low-cost dosing and actuation unit capable of controlled release of liquid in the microliter range at low flow-rates and minimally invasive, side-opened, microneedles. The system was successfully(More)
Hypertension is closely associated with progressive kidney dysfunction, manifested as glomerulosclerosis, interstitial fibrosis, proteinuria, and eventually declining glomerular filtration. The postulated mechanism for development of glomerulosclerosis is barotrauma caused by increased capillary pressure, but the reason for development of interstitial(More)
Studies done in cell culture have demonstrated that insulin activates the epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) via a variety of mechanisms. However, to date, upregulation of ENaC in native renal tissue by in vivo administration of insulin has not been demonstrated. To address this, we injected 6-mo-old male C57BL/CBA mice (n = 14/group) intraperitoneally with(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS C-peptide reduces renal damage in diabetic patients and experimental animal models. In vitro studies suggest that the renal effects of C-peptide may, in part, be explained by stimulation of Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase activity. However, the responses of Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase expression in the kidney of diabetic animals to C-peptide administration remain(More)
Diabetes-induced renal complications, i.e. diabetes nephropathy, are a major cause of morbidity and mortality. The exact mechanisms mediating the negative influence of hyperglycemia on renal function are unclear, although several hypotheses have been postulated. Cellular mechanisms include glucose-induced excessive formation of reactive oxygen species,(More)