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BACKGROUND Mechanical ventilation has been documented to paradoxically cause lung injury. As a commonly used volatile anesthetic, sevoflurane has been proven to possess antiinflammatory and antioxidative properties. This study aims to investigate the protective effects of sevoflurane on inflammation and ventilator-induced lung injury during mechanical(More)
A method for solubilization of pristine fullerene (C(60)) in water was proposed by directly using bovine serum albumin (BSA) as a "solubilizer" by means of the unfolding mechanism. C(60) aqueous solution with a small distribution size, excellent dispersion stability and high dispersion concentration was obtained without the use of derivatization and organic(More)
BACKGROUND Tourniquet has been considered as a recognized cause of lower limb ischemia-reperfusion injury in the orthopedic field. This study investigates pulmonary function after tourniquet deflation and the protective effect of Shenmai injection (SMI), a traditional Chinese medicine. METHODS Twenty-eight patients undergoing lower extremity surgery were(More)
Graphical models are widely used to model stochastic dependences among large collections of variables. We introduce a new method of estimating undirected conditional independence graphs based on the score matching loss, introduced by Hyvärinen (2005), and subsequently extended in Hyvärinen (2007). The regularized score matching method we propose applies to(More)
The serine-threonine protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) is a heterotrimeric enzyme family that plays an essential regulatory role in cell growth, differentiation, and apoptosis. Mutations in the genes encoding PP2A-Aα/β subunits are associated with tumorigenesis and other human diseases. To explore whether genetic variations in the promoter region of the PP2A-Aα(More)
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a disease of the small pulmonary arteries characterized by increased vascular resistance. Pulmonary vasoconstriction has been proven to play a pivotal role in PAH. We have previously hypothesized that Panax notoginseng saponins (PNS) might attenuate hypoxia-hypercapnia-induced pulmonary vasoconstriction. The specific(More)
The tourniquet has been considered as a recognized cause of limb ischemia/reperfusion injury in orthopedic surgery resulting in a transient neutrophil, monocyte activation, and enhanced neutrophil transendothelial migration with potential remote tissue injury. This study investigated the effect of unilateral tourniquet application within a safe time limit(More)
Previously, we identified the genetic variant -241 (-/G) (rs11453459) in the PP2A-Aα gene (PPP2R1A) promoter and demonstrated that this variant influences the DNA-binding affinity of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB). In this study, we further confirmed that the transcriptional activity of PPP2R1A may be regulated by NF-κB through the functional genetic(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, non-coding RNAs which regulate gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. Abnormal expression of miRNAs occurs frequently in human tumors. Despite the fact that reduced expression of miR-128 has been observed in glioma tissues and cells, the role of miR-128 in tumors has not been fully characterized. In the present(More)
To investigate the effects of sepsis-related acute lung injury on the events of alveolar macrophages apoptosis and phagocytosis, cecal-ligated-and-punctured male Sprague-Dawley rats were employed as sepsis model. At the early (9 h) and late (20 h) stages of sepsis, cecal-ligated-and-punctured and sham-operated animals were sacrificed and their lungs were(More)