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The novel iridoid glycosides, isounedoside and grandifloric acid, were isolated from Thunbergia grandiflora. Grandifloric acid contains C-10 as a carboxylic acid group, the presence of which was predicted by recent iridoid biosynthesis studies carried out within T. alata. Isounedoside contains a rare 6,7-epoxide functional group. A revision in some of the(More)
A polar extract of leaves of Justicia ghiesbreghtiana yielded N-(2-hydroxy-4,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-(S)-alpha-malamic acid, 1. Incomplete spectral analysis yielded a hypothetical structure, which was then proven by total synthesis. Coupling of the trifluoroacetate of malic anhydride (trifluoroacetoxysuccinic anhydride) with an arylamine provided the key to(More)
The new phenylethanoid glycosides 2-O-acetyl-3'''-O-methylverbascoside and 2,4"-di-O-acetyl-3'''-O-methylverbascoside were isolated and identified from Penstemon crandallii. The major iridoid glycoside was plantarenaloside and no aucubin type iridoids were found. This contrasted with a previous analysis of P. teucrioides, from the same Penstemon subsection,(More)
Immune complex deposition lines have been described in the cornea as complete and incomplete rings within the stroma, known as Wessely rings [9]. They have also been reproduced in animal models with experimental inoculation of live and heat-inactivated gram-negative bacteria [5]. They represent the analog of type III hypersensitivity reactions. However,(More)
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