Lina De Smet

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Since the last decade, unusually high honey bee colony losses have been reported mainly in North-America and Europe. Here, we report on a comprehensive bee pathogen screening in Belgium covering 363 bee colonies that were screened for 18 known disease-causing pathogens and correlate their incidence in summer with subsequent winter mortality. Our analyses(More)
A minor cytochrome c-551 component of Chromatium vinosum was previously found to efficiently couple electron transfer between the cytochrome bc1 complex and the photosynthetic reaction center. We have now determined the amino acid sequence of this cytochrome c-551 and find that it is homologous to cytochrome c8 (formerly called Pseudomonas cytochrome(More)
Shewanella oneidensis contains four genes that encode proteins that have high sequence identity with yeast OYE (Old Yellow Enzyme, an NADPH oxidoreductase), the well-studied archetype of the OYE protein family. The present paper describes the first comparative study of OYEs that are present in a single bacterial species, performed to gain insight into their(More)
Solitary bees and honey bees from a neighbouring apiary were screened for a broad set of putative pathogens including protists, fungi, spiroplasmas and viruses. Most sampled bees appeared to be infected with multiple parasites. Interestingly, viruses exclusively known from honey bees such as Apis mellifera Filamentous Virus and Varroa destructor Macula-like(More)
Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 is a free-living gram-negative gamma-proteobacterium that is able to use a large number of oxidizing molecules, including fumarate, nitrate, dimethyl sulfoxide, trimethylamine N-oxide, nitrite, and insoluble iron and manganese oxides, to drive anaerobic respiration. Here we show that S. oneidensis MR-1 is able to grow on vanadate(More)
Honey bees (Apis mellifera) are susceptible to a wide range of pathogens, including a broad set of viruses. Recently, next-generation sequencing has expanded the list of viruses with, for instance, two strains of Lake Sinai Virus. Soon after its discovery in the USA, LSV was also discovered in other countries and in other hosts. In the present study, we(More)
Shewanella oneidensis couples anaerobic oxidation of lactate, formate, and pyruvate to the reduction of vanadium pentoxide (V(V)). The bacterium reduces V(V) (vanadate ion) to V(IV) (vanadyl ion) in an anaerobic atmosphere. The resulting vanadyl ion precipitates as a V(IV)-containing solid.
Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 is a Gram-negative, facultative aerobic bacterium, able to respire a variety of electron acceptors. Due to its capability to reduce solid ferric iron, S. oneidensis plays an important role in microbially induced corrosion of metal surfaces. Since this requires cellular adhesion to the metal surface, biofilm growth is an essential(More)
Through pattern matching of the cytochrome c heme-binding site (CXXCH) against the genome sequence of Shewanella oneidensis MR-1, we identified 42 possible cytochrome c genes (27 of which should be soluble) out of a total of 4758. However, we found only six soluble cytochromes c in extracts of S. oneidensis grown under several different conditions: (1) a(More)
The Gram-negative bacterium Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 shows a remarkably versatile anaerobic respiratory metabolism. One of its hallmarks is its ability to grow and survive through the reduction of metallic compounds. Among other proteins, outer membrane decaheme cytochromes c OmcA and OmcB have been identified as key players in metal reduction. In fact,(More)