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Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are implicated in the degradation of extracellular matrix; they play important roles in the invasion of the trophoblast cell into the maternal endometrium during placentation. Previous studies have concentrated on comparison of MMP expression in trophoblast cells between the first and third trimester. But the dynamic(More)
The biosynthesis of ovarian aromatases and hence estrogen production are under the control of the gonadotropins, FSH and LH. Using a primary culture of rat granulosa cells, we now report that estrogens (diethylstilbestrol and 17 beta-estradiol) augment the stimulation of aromatase activity by FSH and LH. Moreover, clomiphene citrate, a drug widely used to(More)
The influence of estrogens on gonadotropin-stimulated production of progesterone and 20 alpha-hydroxypregn-4-en-3-one (20 alpha-OH-P) was examined in primary cultures of rat granulosa cells. Granulosa cells were cultured for 3 days with increasing concentrations of FSH in the presence or absence of either diethylstilbestrol (DES) or estradiol. FSH treatment(More)
The influence of triphenylethylene antiestrogens on FSH-stimulated production of estrogen, progesterone, and 20 alpha-hydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one (20 alpha-OH-P) was examined in cultured rat granulosa cells. The cells were cultured with increasing concentrations of FSH, with or without diethylstilbestrol (DES) or various antiestrogens. After 3 days, medium(More)
The direct effects of GnRH and its agonistic and antagonistic analogs upon testicular androgen biosynthesis were studied in primary cultures of testicular cells obtained from adult hypophysectomized rats. Treatment of cultured cells with hCG (10 ng/ml) substantially increased testosterone production, while concomitant addition of GnRH or its agonist(More)
The present review summarizes our studies on the hormonal control of the differentiation of granulosa cells in vitro. Studies on the hormonal regulation of granulosa cell oestrogen and progestagen biosynthesis by various regulatory agents facilitate our understanding of the control processes involved in follicular maturation and luteinization in vivo. This(More)
The activity of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) specifies the ability of the trophoblast cell to degrade extracellular matrix (ECM) substrates. Usually the process of normal human placentation involves a coordinated interaction between the fetal-derived trophoblast cells and their microenvironment in the uterus. In this study, the effects of ECM proteins(More)
The effects of growth factors were investigated on the proliferation of a normal placental cytotrophoblast cell line (NPC). Epidermal growth factor (EGF), transforming growth factor alpha (TGF alpha) and insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) stimulated NPC cell proliferation. In contrast, TGFbeta1 was found to be a negative regulator, inhibiting EGF-induced(More)
A cell line has been established from human placentae at the first trimester of normal pregnancy. The cell line was obtained by culture of purified cytotrophoblast cells in serum-free medium supplemented with epidermal growth factor, insulin, dexamethasone and 0.1% bovine serum albumin. The cells can be subcultured for >30 passages in one to three splits.(More)