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Telomerase is a ribonucleoprotein (RNP) reverse transcriptase whose essential RNA subunit (TER) functions as a template for telomere repeat synthesis. Here we report the identification of two divergent TER moieties in the flowering plant Arabidopsis thaliana. Although both TER1 and TER2 copurify with telomerase activity and serve as templates for telomerase(More)
The growth-promoting activity of GH, the principal hormonal determinant of body size, is mediated by insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I). Most of the IGF-I in plasma circulates in a 150-kDa complex that contains IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) and an acid-labile subunit (ALS). The 150-kDa complex serves as a reservoir of IGF-I and determines its(More)
Image hiding techniques embed a secret image into a cover image. The fusion of the two, called a stego- image, fools grabbers who would not be conscious of the differences between the cover image and. the stego- image. A secret image can be transferred safely using this technique. In general, we would disarrange each pixel in the secret image and adjust all(More)
Insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1) can inhibit or potentiate IGF action. The biological activity of IGFBP-1 is determined by many factors, including its abundance in tissues and plasma, posttranslational modifications, and localization. IGFBP-1 levels in human plasma are highly regulated. They are increased after acute fasting and in(More)
The insulin-like growth factor-binding proteins (IGFBPs) are thought to determine the distribution of IGF-I and IGF-II between the blood and tissue compartments and to modulate their biological activities. A dynamic metabolic role for one of the IGFBPs, IGFBP-1, is suggested by the fact that plasma IGFBP-1 was increased after fasting and diabetes and(More)
Insulin-like growth factor-II (IGF-II) is the predominant insulin-like growth factor in fetal and neonatal rat serum and tissues. In serum, it occurs complexed to a 30-kDa nonglycosylated IGF-binding protein (IGFBP) that is immunologically related to the IGFBP in BRL-3A rat liver cells (rIGFBP-2). Levels of rIGFBP-2 and IGF-II decrease in rat serum after(More)