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The proliferation of wireless localization technologies provides a promising future for serving human beings in indoor scenarios. Their applications include real-time tracking, activity recognition, health care, navigation, emergence detection, and target-of-interest monitoring, among others. Additionally, indoor localization technologies address the(More)
Forebrain γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) interneurons have crucial roles in high-order brain function via modulating network activities and plasticity, and they are implicated in many psychiatric disorders. Availability of enriched functional human forebrain GABA interneurons, especially those from people affected by GABA interneuron deficit disease, will be(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of subconjunctivally administered mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) on corneal wound healing in the acute stage of an alkali burn. A corneal alkali burn model was generated by placing a piece of 3-mm diameter filter paper soaked in NaOH on the right eye of 48 Sprague-Dawley female rats. 24 rats were(More)
In energy-constrained wireless sensor networks, energy efficiency is critical for prolonging the network lifetime. A family of ant colony algorithms called DAACA for data aggregation are proposed in this paper. DAACA consists of three phases: initialization, packets transmissions and operations on pheromones. In the transmission phase, each node estimates(More)
Electric bike use in China has experienced tremendous growth over the past decade. Traffic safety for e-bike riders becomes an issue of growing public concern as the number of fatalities and injuries increases. This study aims to identify risk factors affecting the accident involvement of e-bike riders and to establish the relationships between safety(More)
Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are widely deployed to collect data in military and civilian applications today. Due to the open nature of a WSN, it is relatively easy for an adversary to eavesdrop and trace packets in order to capture the receiver. Therefore, location privacy, particularly the location privacy of the sink node, requires ultimate protection(More)
—Congestions in wireless sensor networks (WSNs) could potentially cause packet loss, throughput impairment and energy waste. To address this issue, a hop-by-hop cross-layer congestion control scheme (HCCC) built on contention-based MAC protocol is proposed in this paper. According to MAC-layer channel information including buffer occupancy ratio and(More)
Real-time transcription generated by automated speech recognition (ASR) technologies with a reasonably high accuracy has been demonstrated to be valuable in facilitating non-native speakers' comprehension in real-time communication. Besides errors, time delay often exists due to technical problems in automated transcription as well. This study focuses on(More)
This paper proposes how to convert projective dependency structures into flat phrase structures with language-independent syntactic categories, and use a head finder algorithm to convert these phrase structures back into dependency structures. The head finder algorithm is implemented by a maximum entropy approach with constraint information. The converted(More)
The interference between wireless communications may cause packet loss and bit error. There are multi-channels in wireless standards such as IEEE802.11b/g, the packet loss rate caused by interference between channels is different. Experiments are done to show the transition feature between channels in IEEE 802.1 lb/g standard. The results show that the(More)