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Drusen are extracellular deposits that accumulate below the retinal pigment epithelium on Bruch's membrane and are risk factors for developing age-related macular degeneration (AMD). The progression of AMD might be slowed or halted if the formation of drusen could be modulated. To work toward a molecular understanding of drusen formation, we have developed(More)
Mammalian models of longevity are related primarily to caloric restriction and alterations in metabolism. We examined mice in which type 5 adenylyl cyclase (AC5) is knocked out (AC5 KO) and which are resistant to cardiac stress and have increased median lifespan of approximately 30%. AC5 KO mice are protected from reduced bone density and susceptibility to(More)
The posttranscriptional regulator, microRNA-21 (miR-21), is up-regulated in many forms of cancer, as well as during cardiac hypertrophic growth. To understand its role, we overexpressed it in cardiocytes where it revealed a unique type of cell-to-cell "linker" in the form of long slender outgrowths and branches. We subsequently confirmed that miR-21(More)
We tested the hypothesis that chronically ischemic (IS) myocardium induces autophagy, a cellular degradation process responsible for the turnover of unnecessary or dysfunctional organelles and cytoplasmic proteins, which could protect against the consequences of further ischemia. Chronically instrumented pigs were studied with repetitive myocardial ischemia(More)
Despite numerous discoveries from genetically engineered mice, relatively few have been translated to the bedside, mainly because it is difficult to translate from genes to drugs. This investigation examines an antiviral drug, which also has an action to selectively inhibit type 5 adenylyl cyclase (AC5), a pharmaceutical correlate of the AC5 knockout (KO)(More)
Alkanethiols, HS(CH2)nX, chemisorb on gold and silver and form self-assembled monolayers (SAMs). The ability to present a variety of functional groups, X, at the terminal position of the alkanethiol makes it possible to control the structure of the surface at the molecular level, and thus to control the interfacial properties of these organic surfaces.(More)
The purpose of the present study was to determine the relationship between soy consumption and colorectal cancer risk in humans by conducting a meta-analysis of available epidemiologic studies. We systematically reviewed publications obtained through a Medline literature search and identified four cohort and seven case-control studies on soy and colorectal(More)
BACKGROUND The adaptation of cardiac mass to hemodynamic overload requires an adaptation of protein turnover, ie, the balance between protein synthesis and degradation. We tested 2 hypotheses: (1) chronic left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) activates the proteasome system of protein degradation, especially in the myocardium submitted to the highest wall(More)
PURPOSE To determine the effect of pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) in a mouse model of ischemia-induced retinal neovascularization and on vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)--induced migration and growth of cultured microvascular endothelial cells. METHODS Human recombinant PEDF was expressed in the human embryonic kidney 293 cell line and(More)
Despite remarkable advances in therapy, heart failure remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Although enhanced β-adrenergic receptor stimulation is part of normal physiologic adaptation to either the increase in physiologic demand or decrease in cardiac function, chronic β-adrenergic stimulation has been associated with increased mortality and(More)