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Streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetic model has been widely used to study the effects of diabetes mellitus (DM) on male infertility, but it remains unclear whether the responses in this model are due to hyperglycemia or STZ per se. This study was designed to investigate the mechanism of STZ on testicular dysfunction. In the present study, sperm(More)
Subcellular localization directed by specific targeting motifs is an emerging theme for regulating signal transduction pathways. For cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA), this is achieved primarily by its association with A-kinase-anchoring proteins (AKAPs). Dual specificity AKAP1, (D-AKAP1) binds to both type I and type II regulatory subunits and has two(More)
Because the relationship between electromyographic (EMG) signals and muscle activations remains unpredictable, a new way to determine muscle activations from EMG signals by using a neural network is proposed and realized. Using a neural network to predict the muscle activations from EMG signals avoids establishing a complex mathematical model to express the(More)
BACKGROUND One mechanism that directs the action of the second messengers, cAMP and diacylglycerol, is the compartmentalization of protein kinase A (PKA) and protein kinase C (PKC). A-kinase anchoring proteins (AKAPs) can recruit both enzymes to specific subcellular locations via interactions with the various isoforms of each family of kinases. We found(More)
Adiponectin (APN) is an important anti‑atherogenic adipocytokine. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of adiponectin in atherosclerotic plaque formation and clarify its mechanisms. An atherosclerosis model was induced by in vivo perivascular constrictive silica collar placement on the left common carotid arteries in male apolipoprotein(More)
H epatocytes, the major epithelial cells in the liver, are highly polarized. Their plasma membranes are separated by tight junctions into sinusoidal– basolateral and canalicular–apical domains, which contain distinct sets of proteins and lipids. A normal membrane polarity is vital for hepatocytes to perform many diverse functions, such as canalicular bile(More)
Our method concentrates on and constructs the distinguished single gene network. An integrated method was proposed based on linear programming and a decomposition procedure with integrated analysis of the significant function cluster using Kappa statistics and fuzzy heuristic clustering. We tested this method to identify ATF2 regulatory network module using(More)
BACKGROUND TNFRSF11B computational development network construction and analysis of frontal cortex of HIV encephalitis (HIVE) is very useful to identify novel markers and potential targets for prognosis and therapy. METHODS By integration of gene regulatory network infer (GRNInfer) and the database for annotation, visualization and integrated discovery(More)
Liver fibrosis is a hallmark of clonorchiasis suffered by millions people in Eastern Asian countries. Recent studies showed that the activation of TGF-β/Smad signaling pathway can potently regulate the hepatic fibrogenesis including Schistosoma spp. and Echinococcus multilocularis-caused liver fibrosis. However, little is known to date about the expression(More)