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Both exponential stability and periodic oscillatory solution of bidirectional associative memory (BAM) networks with axonal signal transmission delays are considered by constructing suitable Lyapunov functional and some analysis techniques. Some simple sufficient conditions are given ensuring the global exponential stability and the existence of periodic(More)
—A multi-access multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) relay differential chaos shift keying cooperative diversity (DCSK-CD) system is proposed in this paper as a comprehensive cooperation scheme, in which the relay and destination both employ multiple antennas to strengthen the robustness against signal fading in a wireless network. It is shown that, with(More)
We study the global spatio-temporal patterns of influenza dynamics. This is achieved by analysing and modelling weekly laboratory confirmed cases of influenza A and B from 138 countries between January 2006 and January 2015. The data were obtained from FluNet, the surveillance network compiled by the the World Health Organization. We report a pattern of(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by the degeneration of basal forebrain cholinergic neurons, whose survival and function are affected by neurotrophins and their receptors. The impaired signaling pathway of brain-derived neurotrophic factor/tropomyosin-related kinase B (BDNF/TrkB) is considered to play an important role in AD pathogenesis. To(More)
—A single-input multiple-output (SIMO) architecture of the frequency-modulated (FM) differential code-shift keying (DCSK) modulation technique is proposed. The new scheme employs orthogonal Walsh functions at the transmitter, with parallel substreams transmitted with a single antenna to help achieve a significant increase of the data rate. Multiple antennas(More)
Insufficient neurotrophic support increases the risk for developing Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Mounting evidence has confirmed the association of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and apolipoprotein E (ApoE) with AD. As both BDNF and ApoE are suggested to be involved in modulating brain integrity, the present study is aiming to investigate the(More)
—A differential chaos shift keying cooperative communication (DCSK-CC) system with two users is proposed in this paper, which has an orthogonal subchannel in broadcast phase and cooperative phase through orthogonal Walsh code sequences as its multiaccess scheme. The single relay cooperative network with decode-and-forward relay is investigated in the(More)
—Frequency-modulated differential chaos shift keying (FM-DCSK) ultrawideband (UWB) communication systems convey information by transmitting ultrashort chaotic pulses (in the nanosecond scale). Since such pulses are ultrashort, timing offset may severely degrade the bit error rate (BER) performance. In this paper, a fast data-aided timing synchronization(More)
— Frequency modulated differential chaos shift keying (DCSK/FM-DCSK), a joint modulation and spread spectrum technique, is a promising modulation technique for low-cost and low-complexity wireless transmission applications. The noise performance of DCSK/FM-DCSK is superior to most conventional modulation schems in multipath-channel environment. Cooperative(More)
—Recently, an ultra-wideband (UWB) system with frequency-modulated differential chaos shift keying (FM-DCSK) modulation has attracted increasing interest for its many distinctive superiorities over its conventional counterparts, especially in low-rate and low-power wireless personal area network (WPAN) applications. However, some of its drawbacks, such as(More)