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Plants possess inducible systemic defense responses when locally infected by pathogens. Bacterial infection results in the increased accumulation of the mobile metabolite azelaic acid, a nine-carbon dicarboxylic acid, in the vascular sap of Arabidopsis that confers local and systemic resistance against the pathogen Pseudomonas syringae. Azelaic acid primes(More)
Exponential stabilities of the Cohen-Grossberg neural network with and without delays are analyzed. By Liapunov functions/functionals, sufficient conditions are obtained for general exponential stability, while by using a comparison result from the theory of monotone dynamical systems, componentwise exponential stability is also discussed. All results are(More)
Salicylic acid (SA)-induced defense responses are important factors during effector triggered immunity and microbe-associated molecular pattern (MAMP)-induced immunity in plants. This article presents evidence that a member of the Arabidopsis CBP60 gene family, CBP60g, contributes to MAMP-triggered SA accumulation. CBP60g is inducible by both pathogen and(More)
Biological signaling processes may be mediated by complex networks in which network components and network sectors interact with each other in complex ways. Studies of complex networks benefit from approaches in which the roles of individual components are considered in the context of the network. The plant immune signaling network, which controls inducible(More)
  • Lin Wang
  • Applied Mathematics and Computation
  • 2005
Global asymptotic stability and global exponential stability of the Cohen–Grossberg neural networks and Hopfield neural networks with infinite and finite distributed delays are investigated in this paper. For Hopfield neural networks with distributed delays, local stability is also discussed. The existence and global stability of periodic solutions of(More)
A critical factor in the adoption of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology is the level of read-accuracy that is achieved. With passive tags, the read-accuracy depends on the volume of the region that receives sufficient power from the reader. Most current research considers the powering region of a reader to be determined only by its read range(More)
Regular expression pattern matching is the foundation and core engine of many network functions, such as network intrusion detection, worm detection, traffic analysis, web applications and so on. DFA-based solutions suffer exponentially exploding state space and cannot be remedied without sacrificing matching speed. Given this scalability problem of(More)
The transcription factor hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha) plays pivotal roles in physiology and pathophysiology. Constitutive or hypoxia-induced HIF-1alpha overexpression is observed in many types of cancers including prostate adenocarcinoma, in which it is associated with resistance to apoptosis and therapeutic agents. BCL-xL, a(More)
A general mathematical model for a disease with an exposed (la tent) period and relapse is proposed. Such a model is appropriate for tuberculosis, including bovine tuberculosis in cattle and wildlife, and for herpes. For this model with a general probability of remaining in the exposed class, the basic reproduction number R(0) is identified and its(More)