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Plants possess inducible systemic defense responses when locally infected by pathogens. Bacterial infection results in the increased accumulation of the mobile metabolite azelaic acid, a nine-carbon dicarboxylic acid, in the vascular sap of Arabidopsis that confers local and systemic resistance against the pathogen Pseudomonas syringae. Azelaic acid primes(More)
Salicylic acid (SA)-induced defense responses are important factors during effector triggered immunity and microbe-associated molecular pattern (MAMP)-induced immunity in plants. This article presents evidence that a member of the Arabidopsis CBP60 gene family, CBP60g, contributes to MAMP-triggered SA accumulation. CBP60g is inducible by both pathogen and(More)
Biological signaling processes may be mediated by complex networks in which network components and network sectors interact with each other in complex ways. Studies of complex networks benefit from approaches in which the roles of individual components are considered in the context of the network. The plant immune signaling network, which controls inducible(More)
  • Lin Wang
  • Applied Mathematics and Computation
  • 2005
Global asymptotic stability and global exponential stability of the Cohen–Grossberg neural networks and Hopfield neural networks with infinite and finite distributed delays are investigated in this paper. For Hopfield neural networks with distributed delays, local stability is also discussed. The existence and global stability of periodic solutions of(More)
A critical factor in the adoption of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology is the level of read-accuracy that is achieved. With passive tags, the read-accuracy depends on the volume of the region that receives sufficient power from the reader. Most current research considers the powering region of a reader to be determined only by its read range(More)
OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to determine the association of 19 mutations with frequencies ≥ 10% in the core promoter region of hepatitis B virus (HBV) with chronic hepatitis B (CHB), liver cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS Eight hundred forty-six asymptomatic hepatitis B surface antigen carriers (ASCs), 235 CHB(More)
Regular expression pattern matching is the foundation and core engine of many network functions, such as network intrusion detection, worm detection, traffic analysis, web applications and so on. DFA-based solutions suffer exponentially exploding state space and cannot be remedied without sacrificing matching speed. Given this scalability problem of(More)
A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the promoter of MDM2 gene, SNP309 T>G (a T-G exchange at nucleotide 309 in the first intron), can increase the expression level of MDM2, thereby causing an impairment of p53 tumor suppressor activity. A G-C exchange at p53 codon 72 polymorphism results in a substitution of proline (Pro) for arginine (Arg) in the(More)