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Recently, a colour image encryption algorithm based on chaos was proposed by cascading two position permutation operations and one substitution operation, which are all determined by some pseudo-random number sequences generated by iterating the Logistic map. This paper evaluates the security level of the encryption algorithm and finds that the position(More)
Amyloid plaque is the hallmark and primary cause of Alzheimer disease. Mutations of presenilin-1, the gamma-secretase catalytic subunit, can affect amyloid-beta (Abeta) production and Alzheimer disease pathogenesis. However, it is largely unknown whether and how gamma-secretase activity and amyloid plaque formation are regulated by environmental factors(More)
BACKGROUND Many bacteria efficiently degrade lignocellulose yet the underpinning genome-wide metabolic and regulatory networks remain elusive. Here we revealed the "cellulose degradome" for the model mesophilic cellulolytic bacterium Clostridium cellulolyticum ATCC 35319, via an integrated analysis of its complete genome, its transcriptomes under glucose,(More)
Ezh2 (Enhancer of zeste homolog 2) protein is the enzymatic component of the Polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2), which represses gene expression by methylating lysine 27 of histone H3 (H3K27) and regulates cell proliferation and differentiation during embryonic development. Recently, hot-spot mutations of Ezh2 were identified in diffused large B-cell(More)
Tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6) is critical for mediating Toll-like receptor (TLR)-interleukin 1 receptor (IL-1R) signaling and subsequent activation of NF-kappaB and AP-1, transcriptional activators of innate immunity. Here we show that beta-arrestins, a family of multifunctional proteins, directly interacted with TRAF6 after(More)
The transcription factor NFkappaB plays important roles in immune regulation, inflammatory responses, and anti-apoptosis. Activation of NFkappaB requires the activity of IkappaB kinase, a kinase complex that contains two catalytic subunits, IKKalpha and IKKbeta, and a non-enzymatic regulatory subunit, IKKgamma. To understand how NFkappaB activation is(More)
Dysregulation of beta-site APP-cleaving enzyme (BACE) and/or gamma-secretase leads to anomalous production of amyloid-beta peptide (Abeta) and contributes to the etiology of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Since these secretases mediate proteolytic processing of numerous proteins, little success has been achieved to treat AD by secretase inhibitors because of(More)
Large intergenic long noncoding RNA p21 (lincRNA-p21) has recently shown to play an important role in biological functions. However, the biological role of lincRNA-p21 in vascular endothelial cells remains unclear. In the present study, we investigated the role of lincRNA-p21 in vascular endothelial cells through gain- and loss-of-function studies and found(More)
Adrenoreceptors (ARs) are widely expressed and play essential roles throughout the body. Different subtype adrenoceptors elicit distinct effects on cell proliferation, but knowledge remains scarce about the subtype-specific effects of β2-ARs on the proliferation of embryonic pluripotent stem (PS) cells that represent different characteristics of(More)
γ-Aminobutyric acid (GABA), the principle inhibitory transmitter in the mature central nervous system, is also involved in activities outside the nervous system. Recent studies have shown that functional GABA receptors are expressed in embryonic stem (ES) cells and these receptors control ES cell proliferation. However, it is not clear whether ES cells have(More)