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Centrosomin is a 150 kDa centrosomal protein of Drosophila melanogaster. To study the function of Centrosomin in the centrosome, we have recovered mutations that are viable but male and female sterile (cnnmfs). We have shown that these alleles (1, 2, 3, 7, 8 and hk21) induce a maternal effect on early embryogenesis and result in the accumulation of low or(More)
Viruses of the DNA tumor virus family share the ability to transform vertebrate cells through the action of virus-encoded tumor antigens that interfere with normal cell physiology. They accomplish this very efficiently by inhibiting endogenous tumor suppressor proteins that control cell proliferation and apoptosis. Simian virus 40 (SV40) encodes two(More)
Akr1p, which contains six ankyrin repeats, was identified during a screen for mutations that displayed synthetic lethality with a mutant allele of the bud emergence gene BEM1. Cells from which AKR1 had been deleted were alive but misshapen at 30 degrees C and inviable at 37 degrees C. During a screen for mutants that required one or more copies of wild-type(More)
The yeast mitochondrial HMG-box protein, Abf2p, is essential for maintenance of the mitochondrial genome. To better understand the role of Abf2p in the maintenance of the mitochondrial chromosome, we have isolated a multicopy suppressor (YHM2) of the temperature-sensitive defect associated with an abf2 null mutation. The function of Yhm2p was characterized(More)
The yeast mitochondrial histone protein HM is required for maintenance of the mitochondrial genome, and disruption of the gene encoding HM (HIM1/ABF2) results in formation of a respiration-deficient petite mutant phenotype. HM contains two homologous regions, which share sequence similarity with the eukaryotic nuclear nonhistone protein, HMG-1. Experiments(More)
HM, an HMG1-like mitochondrial DNA-binding protein, is required for maintenance of the yeast mitochondrial genome when cells are grown in glucose. To better understand the role of HM in mitochondria, we have isolated several multicopy suppressors of the temperature-sensitive defect associated with an abf2 null mutation (lacking HM protein). One of these(More)
The mitochondrial histone HM is a very abundant protein in yeast mitochondria that wraps DNA and activates transcription in vitro and is required within the cell for proper maintenance of the mitochondrial chromosome. HM and the bacterial histone-like protein HU have similar activities in vitro and can substitute for each other in E coli cells and in yeast(More)
Autophagy (macroautophagy) is a degradative process that involves the sequestration of cytosolic material including organelles into double membrane vesicles termed autophagosomes for delivery to the lysosome. Autophagy is essential for preimplantation development of mouse embryos and cavitation of embryoid bodies. The precise roles of autophagy during early(More)
Transcription of the thyroglobulin (TG) gene is stimulated by TSH via cAMP. We have characterized the sequence elements responsible for the hormone-dependent expression of TG gene in rat thyroid FRTL-5 cells using internal deletion and linker-scanning mutants of the minimal TG promoter (-170 basepairs) fused with the bacterial chloramphenicol(More)
The minimal promoter of rat thyroglobulin (TG) gene (168 bp) was fused with bacterial chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) gene, and transgenic mice carrying the TGCAT gene were produced. The minimal promoter is sufficient for thyroid-specific and hormone-dependent expression of TGCAT in transgenic mice. Deletion of a region between -128 and -92 bp(More)
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