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The dengue and yellow fever mosquito, Aedes aegypti, contributes significantly to global disease burden. Genetic study of Aedes aegypti is essential to understanding its evolutionary history, competence as a disease vector, and the effects and efficacy of vector control methods. The prevalence of repeats and transposable elements in the Aedes aegypti genome(More)
There is tremendous potential for genome sequencing to improve clinical diagnosis and care once it becomes routinely accessible, but this will require formalizing research methods into clinical best practices in the areas of sequence data generation, analysis, interpretation and reporting. The CLARITY Challenge was designed to spur convergence in methods(More)
In the recent decade, high-throughput genotyping and next-generation sequencing platforms have enabled genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of many complex human diseases. These studies have discovered many disease susceptible loci, and unveiled unexpected disease mechanisms. Despite these successes, these identified variants only explain a small(More)
Although Genome Wide Association Studies (GWAS) have identified many susceptibility loci for common diseases, they only explain a small portion of heritability. It is challenging to identify the remaining disease loci because their association signals are likely weak and difficult to identify among millions of candidates. One potentially useful direction to(More)
In recent years, several studies have shed light into the processes that regulate epidermal specification and homeostasis. We previously showed that a broad-spectrum γ-secretase inhibitor DAPT promoted early keratinocyte specification in human embryonic stem cells triggered to undergo ectoderm specification. Here, we show that DAPT accelerates human(More)
Admixture mapping is a disease-mapping strategy to identify disease susceptibility variants in an admixed population that is a result of mating between 2 historically separated populations differing in allele frequencies and disease prevalence. With the increasing availability of high-density genotyping data generated in genome-wide association studies, it(More)
With recent advances in genotyping and sequencing technologies, many disease susceptibility loci have been identified. However, much of the genetic heritability remains unexplained and the replication rate between independent studies is still low. Meanwhile, there have been increasing efforts on functional annotations of the entire human genome, such as the(More)
Our study aim was to evaluate the initial position accurately and the direction of infraorbital canal approximately by analyzing the parameters of infraorbital canal. This study was based on 64-slice computed tomographic multiple planar reconstruction technique and can improve the success rate of infraorbital nerve blockade. The following observations and(More)
Nrf2 expression. These results suggest that IDS-T2DM induces testicular cell death presumably through caspase-8 activation and mitochondria-mediated cell death pathways, and also by significantly down-regulating testicular Nrf2 expression and function. SFN up-regulates testicular Nrf2 expression, and its target antioxidant expression, which was associated(More)
We conducted linkage analysis using the genome-wide association study data on chromosome 3, and then assessed association between hypertension and rare variants of genes located in the regions showing evidence of linkage. The rare variants were collapsed if their minor allele frequencies were less than or equal to the thresholds: 0.01, 0.03, or 0.05. In the(More)