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The role of salicylic acid (SA) in plant responses to salinity is still a matter of controversy. To address the effect of endogenous SA variation in level and signaling on plant responses to salinity, biochemical and physiological analyses were performed on SA-altering Arabidopsis mutants including snc1 with high level of SA, transgenic line nahG with low(More)
Science and industry demand ever more sensitive measurements on ever smaller systems, as exemplified by spintronics, nanoelectromechanical system, and spin-based quantum information processing, where single electronic spin detection poses a grand challenge. Superconducting quantum interference devices SQUIDs have yet to be effectively applied to nanoscale(More)
Phytoremediation is an emerging strategy for the removal of heavy metal contaminants. However, one of the prerequisite is to understand adequately plant resistant mechanisms. The present study was performed to assess the role of endogenous SA in plant response to Pb or Cd using wild-type (wt) Arabidopsis and its SA-accumulating mutant snc1, SA-reducing(More)
Salicylic acid (SA) functions in the plant response to drought stress were assessed using SA-altering Arabidopsis mutants, including snc1 (with constitutively high levels of SA) and its nahG-transformed plants (named as snc1/nahG, with a comparable SA level to the wild type), sid2 and transgenic line nahG (both with SA deficiency), and npr1-1 (with SA(More)
Myocardial infarction (MI) is defined as the deprivation of the myocardial tissue of oxygen and nutrients, resulting in the induction of inflammation and apoptosis of the cardiomyocytes. Poly (ADP‑ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP1) is a nuclear enzyme closely associated with MI, that can be activated by DNA damage. Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) is a(More)
Wheat MAPK member TaMPK4 responds to abiotic stresses of Pi and N deprivations and high salinity and is crucial in regulating plant tolerance to aforementioned stresses. Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascades are important signal transduction modules in regulating plant responses to various environmental stresses. In this study, a wheat MAPK(More)
A systematic study of the effect of composition on the thermo-physical properties of the binary mixtures of 1-methyl-3-pentyl imidazolium hexafluorophosphate [MPI][PF(6)] with poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) [M(w) = 400] is presented. The excess molar volume, refractive index deviation, viscosity deviation, and surface tension deviation values were calculated(More)