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BACKGROUND The bispectral (BIS) index is a processed electroencephalogram (EEG) parameter with extensive validation and demonstrated clinical utility. The study aimed to investigate the correlation between the BIS index and the prognosis of patients with coma in the ICU. METHODS A total of 208 patients with coma in the ICU were enrolled in this study.(More)
By influencing the activity of the PI3K/AKT pathway, IL-6 acts as an important regulator of hepatic insulin resistance. miR-200s have been shown to control growth by regulating PI3K, but the role of miR-200s in the development of hepatic insulin resistance remains unclear. The present study showed that elevated serum concentration of IL-6 is associated with(More)
PURPOSE Simvastatin, a 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitor, has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties that are independent of lipid-lowering abilities. This experiment was carried out to explore the effects of simvastatin on apoptosis in vulnerable atherosclerotic plaques of apoE-deficient mice. METHODS AND RESULTS Eight(More)
In type 2 diabetes, pancreatic β-cells cannot secret enough insulin compensate for insulin resistance, which are often accompanied by abnormality in lipid metabolism such as hypertriglyceridemia. It is reported that oxidative stress is involved in pancreatic β-cell dysfunction. However, molecular mechanisms linking between excessive generations of reactive(More)
BACKGROUND Panax notoginseng saponins (PNS) extracted from the roots of panax notoginseng are free radical-scavenger, with an antioxidant property, capable of inhibiting expression of adhesion molecules and chemokines. This study was designed to test the effects of PNS administration in apolipoprotein (apo)-E-deficient mice on the activation of JNK,(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS IL-6 has been implicated in the pathogenesis of insulin resistance. MiR-301a plays an important role in various biological and pathological processes, including cellular development and differentiation, inflammation, apoptosis and cancer. However, whether miR-301a mediates IL-6-induced insulin resistance in hepatocytes remains unknown. (More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that are important in the pathogenesis of multiple diseases and, therefore, may represent a novel class of targets for therapeutic intervention. However, like the majority of oligonucleotide-based strategies, there are obstacles to their clinical application, including poor cellular uptake due to the low(More)
BACKGROUND There is increasing evidence that miRNAs are involved in cellular apoptosis. However, the specific role of miR-291b-3p in apoptosis has not been elucidated. In the present study, we investigated the effect of miR-291b-3p on NCTC1469 cell growth and apoptosis. METHODS Cell viability and apoptosis were examined in NCTC1469 cells transfected with(More)
AIMS N-acetylcysteine (NAC) has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. To explore the mechanisms underlying atherosclerotic plaque stabilization induced by NAC, we examined the effects of NAC administration in apoE-deficient mice on the expression of the receptor of advanced glycation end products (RAGE), matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and the(More)
MiR-19a, a member of mir-17-92 microRNA clusters, has been demonstrated to promote cell proliferation and angiogenesis via regulating the PI3K/AKT pathway, the major insulin signaling pathway. However, whether miR-19a plays an important role in glycogen synthesis in hepatocytes remains unknown. Here, we define the impact of miR-19a on glycogen synthesis and(More)