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A system of nested dichotomies is a hierarchical decomposition of a multi-class problem with c classes into c − 1 two-class problems and can be represented as a tree structure. Ensembles of randomly-generated nested dichotomies have proven to be an effective approach to multi-class learning problems [1]. However, sampling trees by giving each tree equal(More)
The effects of L1-Fc and CHL1-Fc fusion proteins on neuronal survival were investigated. Cerebellar granule neurons of mouse and hippocampal neurons of rat embryo undergo apoptosis when cultured in serum-free medium. Treatment with chimeric proteins containing the extracellular domains of the neural adhesion molecules L1 or CHL1 fused to the Fc region of(More)
The induction of microsomal cytochrome P4501A1 by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons represents an interesting response by which mammalian cells adapt to xenobiotic exposure. Enzyme induction reflects increased transcription of the corresponding CYP1A1 gene. Analyses of the induction mechanism using genetic, biochemical, and molecular biological approaches(More)
We cloned from mouse hepatoma cells a cDNA which encodes the Ah receptor nuclear translocator (Arnt). Sequence comparisons reveal 89% nucleotide and 92% amino acid identity between mouse and human Arnt. Transfection of the cDNA into Arnt-defective mouse hepatoma cells fully restores their responsiveness to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD),(More)
Hematopoietic stem cells in the bone marrow give rise to lymphoid progenitors, which subsequently differentiate into B and T lymphocytes. Here we show that the proto-oncogene LRF plays an essential role in the B versus T lymphoid cell-fate decision. We demonstrate that LRF is key for instructing early lymphoid progenitors in mice to develop into B lineage(More)
In this paper, a centrifugal force model is developed for pedestrian dynamics. The effects of both the headway and the relative velocity among pedestrians are taken into account, which can be expressed by a "centrifugal force" term in dynamic equation. The jamming probability due to the arching at exits for crowd flows is provided. A quantitative analysis(More)
An extended car following model is proposed by incorporating an intelligent transportation system in traffic. The stability condition of this model is obtained by using the linear stability theory. The results show that anticipating the behavior of more vehicles ahead leads to the stabilization of traffic systems. The modified Korteweg-de Vries equation(More)
17beta-Estradiol (E2) stimulated proliferation and DNA synthesis in MCF-7 human breast cancer cells, and this was accompanied by induction of E2F1 mRNA and protein levels. Analysis of the E2F1 gene promoter showed that the -146 to -54 region was required for E2-responsiveness in transient transfection assays, and subsequent deletion/mutation analysis showed(More)
As of May 19, 2009, a total of 5,469 confirmed or probable cases of human infection with a novel influenza A (H1N1) virus had been documented in 47 states and the District of Columbia. In addition, the virus had spread to 41 countries, with a total of 4,774 cases reported in countries outside the United States. Because producing a novel influenza A (H1N1)(More)
2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) causes pleotropic effects in mammalian species through modulating gene expression. Here we analyzed TCDD-induced mRNA expression by using mRNA differential display and report the cloning of a novel TCDD-inducible poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (TiPARP). TiPARP cDNA contains an open reading frame of 657 amino acid(More)