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The effects of L1-Fc and CHL1-Fc fusion proteins on neuronal survival were investigated. Cerebellar granule neurons of mouse and hippocampal neurons of rat embryo undergo apoptosis when cultured in serum-free medium. Treatment with chimeric proteins containing the extracellular domains of the neural adhesion molecules L1 or CHL1 fused to the Fc region of(More)
bcl-2 gene expression is induced by 17beta-estradiol (E2) in T47D and MCF-7 human breast cancer cells, and the mechanism of E2 responsiveness was further investigated by analysis of the bcl-2 gene promoter. The -1602 to -1534 distal region (bcl-2j) of the promoter was E2-responsive; however, in gel mobility shift assays, the estrogen receptor alpha(More)
Hematopoietic stem cells in the bone marrow give rise to lymphoid progenitors, which subsequently differentiate into B and T lymphocytes. Here we show that the proto-oncogene LRF plays an essential role in the B versus T lymphoid cell-fate decision. We demonstrate that LRF is key for instructing early lymphoid progenitors in mice to develop into B lineage(More)
A system of nested dichotomies is a hierarchical decomposition of a multi-class problem with c classes into c − 1 two-class problems and can be represented as a tree structure. Ensembles of randomlygenerated nested dichotomies have proven to be an effective approach to multi-class learning problems [1]. However, sampling trees by giving each tree equal(More)
The induction of microsomal cytochrome P4501A1 by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons represents an interesting response by which mammalian cells adapt to xenobiotic exposure. Enzyme induction reflects increased transcription of the corresponding CYP1A1 gene. Analyses of the induction mechanism using genetic, biochemical, and molecular biological approaches(More)
A full-length cDNA for maize root-form phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPC) was isolated. In the coding region, the root-form PEPC showed 76 and 77% identity with the C4- and C3-form PEPCs of maize, respectively, at the nucleotide level. At the amino acid level, the root-form was 81 and 85% identical to the C4- and C3-form PEPCs, respectively. The entire(More)
AIMS To investigate the trend in the prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus during 1999-2008 in women living in urban Tianjin, China. METHODS A universal screening for gestational diabetes mellitus has become an integral part of the antenatal care in Tianjin, China from 1998. A total of 105,473 pregnant women living in the six urban districts of(More)
We cloned from mouse hepatoma cells a cDNA which encodes the Ah receptor nuclear translocator (Arnt). Sequence comparisons reveal 89% nucleotide and 92% amino acid identity between mouse and human Arnt. Transfection of the cDNA into Arnt-defective mouse hepatoma cells fully restores their responsiveness to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD),(More)
BACKGROUND The precise mechanisms in the materno-fetal dialogue still remain unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of the chemokine CXCL12 and its receptor CXCR4 in the interaction of trophoblasts and decidual stromal cells (DSCs). METHODS Expression of CXCL12/CXCR4 in trophoblasts and DSCs was detected by reverse(More)
GATA-1-dependent transcription is essential for erythroid differentiation and maturation. Suppression of programmed cell death is also thought to be critical for this process; however, the link between these two features of erythropoiesis has remained elusive. Here, we show that the POZ-Krüppel family transcription factor, LRF (also known as(More)