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The present study aimed to determine the prevalence and mechanisms of macrolide-lincosamide (ML) resistance in 72 Staphylococcus aureus isolates from cows with clinical mastitis. Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of ML antibiotics were determined by the broth microdilution technique, inducible ML resistance phenotype by the D test, and ML resistance(More)
The transcription activator-like effectors (TALEs) and the RNA-guided clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat (CRISPR) associated protein (Cas9) utlilize distinct molecular mechanisms in targeting site recognition. The two proteins can be modified to carry additional functional domains to regulate expression of genomic loci in mammalian(More)
Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) are a rare cell type with the ability of long-term self-renewal and multipotency to reconstitute all blood lineages. HSCs are typically purified from the bone marrow using cell surface markers. Recent studies have identified significant cellular heterogeneities in the HSC compartment with subsets of HSCs displaying lineage(More)
OBJECTIVE Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) patients with truly chemosensitive disease still represent a minority among all TNBC patients. The aim of the present study is to identify microRNAs (miRNAs) that correlate with TNBC chemoresistance. METHODS In this study, we conducted miRNAs profile comparison between triple-negative breast cancer (TNBCs)(More)
Abstruct-When a generator of a heavily loaded electric power system reaches a reactive power limit, the system can become immediately unstable and a dynamic voltage collapse leading to blackout may follow. We study the statics and dynamics of this mechanism for voltage collapse by example and by the generic theory of saddle node and transcritical(More)
Interleukin (IL)-10 is critically involved in tumori-genesis. In the present study, the association between the IL-10-1082/-819/-592 promoter polymorphisms, the plasma IL-10 levels and the risk of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) was investigated in a prospective, case-control study. In total, 146 patients with LSCC, 61 with vocal leukoplakia and(More)
Bacterial resistance to fluoroquinolones result from mutations in the quinolone resistance-determining regions of the drug targets, overexpression of efflux pumps, and/or the more recently identified plasmid-mediated low-level resistance mechanisms. We investigated the prevalence of and characterized plasmid-mediated fluoroquinolone resistance genes (qnrA,(More)
Group 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILCs), or ILC2s, are a subset of recently identified ILCs, which play important roles in innate immunity by producing type 2 effector cytokines. Several transcription factors have been found to have critical functions in the development of both ILC2s and T cells. We report here that Bcl11b, a transcription factor essential in(More)
Innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) functionally resemble T lymphocytes in cytotoxicity and cytokine production but lack antigen-specific receptors, and they are important regulators of immune responses and tissue homeostasis. ILCs are generated from common lymphoid progenitors, which are subsequently committed to innate lymphoid lineages in the α-lymphoid(More)