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How did the study come about? During recent decades China has undergone a rapid transition in the main disease patterns of its population. There has been a substantial decrease in maternal and child mortality and in adult mortality from the main infectious/parasitic diseases, whereas for ischaemic heart disease and some other non-communicable chronic(More)
OBJECTIVE The China Seven Cities Study (CSCS) monitors geographic and temporal trends in tobacco use among adolescents and adults in seven cities throughout Mainland China: Harbin, Shenyang, Wuhan, Chengdu, Kunming, Hangzhou, and Qingdao. This article presents the methodology and prevalence data from the baseline survey of the CSCS, conducted in 2002. (More)
BACKGROUND To estimate the impact of population-wide and high-risk blood pressure-lowering strategies on cardiovascular disease (CVD) incidence in China. DESIGN A modelling study based on a community cohort of 30 362 men and women aged 35-74 years in urban Shanghai, China, 3.3% of whom have existing CVD. METHODS We modelled three blood pressure-lowering(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the association between the S447X polymorphism of the lipoprotein lipase (LPL) gene and lipoprotein lipid and blood pressure (BP) levels in 904 Chinese subjects with essential hypertension. METHOD Five hundred and sixty-three male and 341 female patients (aged 35-69 years) were randomly selected from hypertensive patients(More)
BACKGROUND To identify the genetic contribution to the variation in blood pressure (BP) response to angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs), single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the angiotensinogen (AGT), angiotensin receptor 1 (AGTR1), and angiotensin receptor 2 (AGTR2) genes were evaluated for their association with BP response to ACEI in(More)
BACKGROUND China has the world's largest concentration of smokers (350 million) and rising alcohol consumption, yet little is known about tobacco and alcohol use aetiology. In 2000, the Chinese National Twin Registry was established to provide a genetically informative resource for investigation of health behaviour including tobacco and alcohol use. (More)
OBJECTIVE The present pilot project aimed to assess the effectiveness of social mobilization and social marketing in improving knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) and Fe status in an Fe-deficient population. DESIGN In an uncontrolled, before-after, community-based study, social mobilization and social marketing strategies were applied. The main(More)
One third of smokers worldwide live in China. Identifying predictors of smoking is important for prevention program development. This study explored whether the Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA) and Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) predict adolescent smoking in China. Data were obtained from 14,434 middle and high school students (48.6% boys, 51.4% girls) in(More)
Cigarette smoking is rising among urban Chinese adolescents and poses a significant public health concern. The majority of Chinese youth live in rural areas, but most research on the risk factors for smoking has been conducted in urban areas of China. This study examined the associations between parental smoking, peer smoking, and low refusal self-efficacy(More)