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In this study, a specific and sensitive LC-MS/MS method for the simultaneous analysis of type-B trichothecenes (deoxynivalenol, 3-acetyldeoxynivalenol, and 15-acetyldeoxynivalenol) and the de-epoxy metabolite of deoxynivalenol (de-epoxy-deoxynivalenol) in chicken muscle, liver, kidney, and fat tissues was developed and validated. The method involved an(More)
The management of sodium intake is clinically important in many disease states including heart failure, kidney disease, and hypertension. Tenapanor is an inhibitor of the sodium-proton (Na(+)/H(+)) exchanger NHE3, which plays a prominent role in sodium handling in the gastrointestinal tract and kidney. When administered orally to rats, tenapanor acted(More)
A sensitive and cheap high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with ultraviolet-visible (UV-VIS) was developed for the determination of Sudan dyes (I, II, III, and IV) residues in various types of eggs. The chromatographic separation was achieved on a reverse phase C18 column with gradient elution, using a mobile phase of 0.1% formic acid(More)
We report the effects of hemicellulase-treated Agaricus blazei (ABH) on the maturation of bone-marrow-derived dendritic cells (BMDCs). ABH activated immature BMDCs, inducing up-regulation of surface molecules, such as CD40, CD80 and major histocompatibility complex class I antigens, as well as inducing allogeneic T-cell proliferation and T helper type 1(More)
A novel, sensitive, and reliable LC-MS/MS method for multiresidue analysis of nine β-agonists (salbutamol, terbutaline, cimaterol, fenoterol, clorprenaline, ractopamine, tulobuterol, clenbuterol, and penbuterol) in four farm animal muscles was developed. Muscle matrix was extracted with acetonitrile-10% sodium carbonate solution, and then was subjected to(More)
Pharmacokinetics of mequindox (MEQ) and its metabolites were determined in rats after intravenous (i.v.) and oral (p.o.) administration of MEQ at a single dose of 10 mg kg(-1) bodyweight. After both administrations, MEQ and five of its metabolites were quantified, except M4, whereas M1 and M2 were the predominant ones. The areas under the concentration-time(More)
A rapid liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometric method was developed for the simultaneous determination of mequindox and its five metabolites (2-isoethanol mequindox, 2-isoethanol 1-desoxymequindox, 1-desoxymequindox, 1,4-bisdesoxymequindox, and 2-isoethanol bisdesoxymequindox) in porcine muscle, liver, and kidney, fulfilling confirmation criteria(More)
Mequindox (MEQ), 3-methyl-2-quinoxalinacetyl-1,4-dioxide, is widely used in Chinese veterinary medicine as an antimicrobial and feed additive. Its toxicities have been reported to be closely related to its metabolism. To understand more clearly the metabolic pathways of MEQ, its metabolism in chickens was studied using liquid chromatography coupled with(More)
A robust, credible, and practical multiresidue method based on liquid chromatography/tandem/mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS) was developed for the simultaneous determination of 9 macrocyclic lactone drugs (abamectin B1a, doramectin, erythromycin, ivermectin B1a, josamycin, kitasamycin, roxithromycin, tilmicosin, and tylosin A) in bovine, porcine, chicken, and(More)