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Window profiles of amino acids in protein sequences are used to describe the amino acid environment. The relative entropy or Kullback-Leibler distance derived from these profiles is used as a measure of dissimilarity for comparison of amino acids and secondary structure conformations. Distance matrices of amino acid pairs at different conformations are(More)
Ammonia (NH(3)) oxidation, the first and rate-limiting step of nitrification, is a key step in the global Nitrogen (N) cycle. Major advances have been made in recent years in our knowledge and understanding of the microbial communities involved in ammonia oxidation in a wide range of habitats, including Chinese agricultural soils. In this mini-review, we(More)
Mercury (Hg) pollution is usually regarded as an environmental stress in reducing microbial diversity and altering bacterial community structure. However, these results were based on relatively short-term studies, which might obscure the real response of microbial species to Hg contamination. Here, we analysed the bacterial abundance and community(More)
Parasites including helminthes, protozoa, and medical arthropod vectors are a major cause of global infectious diseases, affecting one-sixth of the world’s population, which are responsible for enormous levels of morbidity and mortality important and remain impediments to economic development especially in tropical countries. Prevalent drug resistance, lack(More)
Graph-based dimensionality reduction (DR) methods play an increasingly important role in many machine learning and pattern recognition applications. In this paper, we propose a novel graph-based learning scheme to conduct Graph Optimization for Dimensionality Reduction with Sparsity Constraints (GODRSC). Different from most of graph-based DR methods where(More)
Multidrug resistance 1 (MDR1) gene encodes the ATP-dependent cellular efflux pump P-glycoprotein (P-gp) which efflux of a variety of substances across the membrane. P-gp could serve a role in cancer etiology based on its physiological role of protecting cells from xenobiotics or metabolites. The C3435T (rs1045642) polymorphism of the MDR1 gene which could(More)
Conflicting results in previous case–control studies on the association between Glutathione S-transferase T1 (GSTT1) gene polymorphism and Parkinson’s disease (PD) risk have been reported, so we conducted this meta-analysis. We searched and extracted data from 3 Chinese and 3 English web-based electronic databases to evaluate the associations by odds ratio(More)
Laplacian Linear Discriminant Analysis (LapLDA) and Semi-supervised Discriminant Analysis (SDA) are two recently proposed LDA methods. They are developed independently with the aim to improve LDA by introducing a locality preserving regularization term, and have been shown their effectiveness experimentally on some benchmark datasets. However, both(More)
Unraveling the distribution patterns of plants and animals along the elevational gradients has been attracting growing scientific interests of ecologists, whether the microbial communities exhibit similar elevational patterns, however, remains largely less documented. Here, we investigate the biogeographic distribution of soil archaeal and bacterial(More)